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# Dynamical Systems and Ordinary Differential Equations  | enregistrements trouvés : 123

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## Post-edited  On the space highway to Lagrange points! Trélat, Emmanuel (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

Everything is under control: mathematics optimize everyday life.
In an empirical way we are able to do many things with more or less efficiency or success. When one wants to achieve a parallel parking, consequences may sometimes be ridiculous... But when one wants to launch a rocket or plan interplanetary missions, better is to be sure of what we do.
Control theory is a branch of mathematics that allows to control, optimize and guide systems on which one can act by means of a control, like for example a car, a robot, a space shuttle, a chemical reaction or in more general a process that one aims at steering to some desired target state.
Emmanuel Trélat will overview the range of applications of that theory through several examples, sometimes funny, but also historical. He will show you that the study of simple cases of our everyday life, far from insignificant, allow to approach problems like the orbit transfer or interplanetary mission design.
control theory - optimal control - stabilization - optimization - aerospace - Lagrange points - dynamical systems - mission design
Everything is under control: mathematics optimize everyday life.
In an empirical way we are able to do many things with more or less efficiency or success. When one wants to achieve a parallel parking, consequences may sometimes be ridiculous... But when one wants to launch a rocket or plan interplanetary missions, better is to be sure of what we do.
Control theory is a branch of mathematics that allows to control, optimize and guide systems on ...

## Post-edited  Dimension of self-similar measures via additive combinatorics Hochman, Mike (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

I will discuss recent progress on understanding the dimension of self-similar sets and measures. The main conjecture in this field is that the only way that the dimension of such a fractal can be "non-full" is if the semigroup of contractions which define it is not free. The result I will discuss is that "non-full" dimension implies "almost non-freeness", in the sense that there are distinct words in the semigroup which are extremely close together (super-exponentially in their lengths). Applications include resolution of some conjectures of Furstenberg on the dimension of sumsets and, together with work of Shmerkin, progress on the absolute continuity of Bernoulli convolutions. The main new ingredient is a statement in additive combinatorics concerning the structure of measures whose entropy does not grow very much under convolution. If time permits I will discuss the analogous results in higher dimensions. I will discuss recent progress on understanding the dimension of self-similar sets and measures. The main conjecture in this field is that the only way that the dimension of such a fractal can be "non-full" is if the semigroup of contractions which define it is not free. The result I will discuss is that "non-full" dimension implies "almost non-freeness", in the sense that there are distinct words in the semigroup which are extremely close ...

## Post-edited  Horocyclic flows on hyperbolic surfaces - Part I Schapira, Barbara (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

I will present results on the dynamics of horocyclic flows on the unit tangent bundle of hyperbolic surfaces, density and equidistribution properties in particular. I will focus on infinite volume hyperbolic surfaces. My aim is to show how these properties are related to dynamical properties of geodesic flows, as product structure, ergodicity, mixing, ...

37D40

## Post-edited  Which geodesic flows are left-handed? Dehornoy, Pierre (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

Left-handed flows are 3-dimensional flows which have a particular topological property, namely that every pair of periodic orbits is negatively linked. This property (introduced by Ghys in 2007) implies the existence of as many Bikrhoff sections as possible, and therefore allows to reduce the flow to a suspension in many different ways. It then becomes natural to look for examples. A construction of Birkhoff (1917) suggests that geodesic flows are good candidates. In this conference we determine on which hyperbolic orbifolds is the geodesic flow left-handed: the answer is that yes if the surface is a sphere with three cone points, and no otherwise.
dynamical system - geodesic flow - knot - periodic orbit - global section - linking number - fibered knot
Left-handed flows are 3-dimensional flows which have a particular topological property, namely that every pair of periodic orbits is negatively linked. This property (introduced by Ghys in 2007) implies the existence of as many Bikrhoff sections as possible, and therefore allows to reduce the flow to a suspension in many different ways. It then becomes natural to look for examples. A construction of Birkhoff (1917) suggests that geodesic flows ...

## Post-edited  Théorie des valeurs extrêmes et problème de sortie stochastique Berglund, Nils (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

La théorie des valeurs extrêmes décrit le comportement du maximum d'une suite de variables aléatoires i.i.d. à valeurs réelles. L'une des distributions limites possibles, la loi de Gumbel, apparaît également dans l'asymptotique en bruit faible du temps de transition réactive pour des équations différentielles stochastiques métastables. Nous décrivons des résultats récents en dimension 1 et leur interprétation, et donnons un résultat en dimension 2, motivé par le phénomène de synchronisation d'oscillateurs couplés. La théorie des valeurs extrêmes décrit le comportement du maximum d'une suite de variables aléatoires i.i.d. à valeurs réelles. L'une des distributions limites possibles, la loi de Gumbel, apparaît également dans l'asymptotique en bruit faible du temps de transition réactive pour des équations différentielles stochastiques métastables. Nous décrivons des résultats récents en dimension 1 et leur interprétation, et donnons un résultat en dimension ...

## Post-edited  A microlocal toolbox for hyperbolic dynamics Dyatlov, Semyon (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

I will discuss recent applications of microlocal analysis to the study of hyperbolic flows, including geodesic flows on negatively curved manifolds. The key idea is to view the equation $(X + \lambda)u = f$ , where $X$ is the generator of the flow, as a scattering problem. The role of spatial infinity is taken by the infinity in the frequency space. We will concentrate on the case of noncompact manifolds, featuring a delicate interplay between shift to higher frequencies and escaping in the physical space. I will show meromorphic continuation of the resolvent of $X$; the poles, known as Pollicott-Ruelle resonances, describe exponential decay of correlations. As an application, I will prove that the Ruelle zeta function continues meromorphically for flows on non-compact manifolds (the compact case, known as Smale's conjecture, was recently settled by Giulietti-Liverani- Pollicott and a simple microlocal proof was given by Zworski and the speaker). Joint work with Colin Guillarmou. I will discuss recent applications of microlocal analysis to the study of hyperbolic flows, including geodesic flows on negatively curved manifolds. The key idea is to view the equation $(X + \lambda)u = f$ , where $X$ is the generator of the flow, as a scattering problem. The role of spatial infinity is taken by the infinity in the frequency space. We will concentrate on the case of noncompact manifolds, featuring a delicate interplay between ...

## Post-edited  DEB theory: where fascination meets profession Kooijman, Sebastiaan A.L.M. (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

In this international farewell address about 35 years of research on Dynamic energy Budget theory, I review the ontogeny of the theory, and discuss background, motivation, start, milestones and outlook from a personal perspective. The effort is framed as a case study in Theoretical Biology.

## Post-edited  Local Weyl equivalence of Fuchsian equations Yakovenko, Sergei (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

Classifying regular systems of first order linear ordinary equations is a classical subject going back to Poincare and Dulac. There is a gauge group whose action can be described and an integrable normal form produced. A similar problem for higher order differential equations was never addressed, perhaps because the corresponding equivalence relationship is not induced by any group action. Still one can develop a reasonable classification theory, largely parallel to the classical theory. This is a joint work with Shira Tanny from the Weizmann Institiute, see http://arxiv.org/abs/1412.7830. Classifying regular systems of first order linear ordinary equations is a classical subject going back to Poincare and Dulac. There is a gauge group whose action can be described and an integrable normal form produced. A similar problem for higher order differential equations was never addressed, perhaps because the corresponding equivalence relationship is not induced by any group action. Still one can develop a reasonable classification ...

## Post-edited  Random subgroups, totally non free actions and factor representations Grigorchuk, Rostislav (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

I will present results of three studies, performed in collaboration with M.Benli, L.Bowen, A.Dudko, R.Kravchenko and T.Nagnibeda, concerning the invariant and characteristic random subgroups in some groups of geometric origin, including hyperbolic groups, mapping class groups, groups of intermediate growth and branch groups. The role of totally non free actions will be emphasized. This will be used to explain why branch groups have infinitely many factor representations of type $II_1$. I will present results of three studies, performed in collaboration with M.Benli, L.Bowen, A.Dudko, R.Kravchenko and T.Nagnibeda, concerning the invariant and characteristic random subgroups in some groups of geometric origin, including hyperbolic groups, mapping class groups, groups of intermediate growth and branch groups. The role of totally non free actions will be emphasized. This will be used to explain why branch groups have infinitely ...

## Post-edited  Coupled rotations and snow falling on cedars McMullen, Curtis T. (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

We study cascades of bifurcations in a simple family of maps on the circle, and connect this behavior to the geometry of an absolute period leaf in genus $2$. The presentation includes pictures of an exotic foliation of the upper half plane, computed with the aid of the Möller-Zagier formula.

## Post-edited  Endomorphisms, train track maps, and fully irreducible monodromies Kapovich, Ilya (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

An endomorphism of a finitely generated free group naturally descends to an injective endomorphism on the stable quotient. We establish a geometric incarnation of this fact : an expanding irreducible train track map inducing an endomorphism of the fundamental group determines an expanding irreducible train track representative of the injective endomorphism of the stable quotient. As an application, we prove that the property of having fully irreducible monodromy for a splitting of a hyperbolic free-by-cyclic group G depends only on the component of the BNS invariant $\sum \left ( G \right )$ containing the associated homomorphism to the integers. In particular, it follows that if G is the mapping torus of an atoroidal fully irreducible automorphism of a free group and if the union of $\sum \left ( G \right )$ and $\sum \left ( G \right )$ is connected then for every splitting of $G$ as a (f.g. free)-by-(infinite cyclic) group the monodromy is fully irreducible.
This talk is based on joint work with Spencer Dowdall and Christopher Leininger.
An endomorphism of a finitely generated free group naturally descends to an injective endomorphism on the stable quotient. We establish a geometric incarnation of this fact : an expanding irreducible train track map inducing an endomorphism of the fundamental group determines an expanding irreducible train track representative of the injective endomorphism of the stable quotient. As an application, we prove that the property of having fully ...

## Post-edited  Darcy problem and crowd motion modeling Maury, Bertrand (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

We describe here formal analogies between the Darcy equations, that describe the flow of a viscous fluid in a porous medium, and some problems arising from the handing of congestion in crowd motion models.
At the microscopic level, individuals are identified to rigid discs, and the dual handling of the non overlapping constraint leads to discrete Darcy-like equations with a unilateral constraint that involves the velocities and interaction pressures, and that are set on the contact network. At the macroscopic level, a similar problem is obtained, that is set on the congested zone.
We emphasize the differences between the two settings: at the macroscopic level, a straight use of the maximum principle shows that congestion actually favors evacuation, which is in contradiction with experimental evidence. On the contrary, in the microscopic setting, the very particular structure of the discrete differential operators makes it possible to reproduce observed "Stop and Go waves", and the so called "Faster is Slower" effect.
We describe here formal analogies between the Darcy equations, that describe the flow of a viscous fluid in a porous medium, and some problems arising from the handing of congestion in crowd motion models.
At the microscopic level, individuals are identified to rigid discs, and the dual handling of the non overlapping constraint leads to discrete Darcy-like equations with a unilateral constraint that involves the velocities and interaction ...

## Post-edited  Persistence modules and Hamiltonian diffeomorphisms - Part 1 Polterovich, Leonid (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

Theory of persistence modules is a rapidly developing field lying on the borderline between algebra, geometry and topology. It provides a very useful viewpoint at Morse theory, and at the same time is one of the cornerstones of topological data analysis. In the course I'll review foundations of this theory and focus on its applications to symplectic topology. In parts, the course is based on a recent work with Egor Shelukhin arXiv:1412.8277

## Post-edited  A universal hypercyclic representation Glasner, Eli (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

For any countable group, and also for any locally compact second countable, compactly generated topological group, $G$, there exists a "universal" hypercyclic representation on a Hilbert space, in the sense that it simultaneously models every possible ergodic probability measure preserving free action of $G$. I will discuss the original proof of this theorem (a joint work with Benjy Weiss) and then, at the end of the talk, say some words about the development of this idea and its applications as expounded in a subsequent work of Sophie Grivaux. For any countable group, and also for any locally compact second countable, compactly generated topological group, $G$, there exists a "universal" hypercyclic representation on a Hilbert space, in the sense that it simultaneously models every possible ergodic probability measure preserving free action of $G$. I will discuss the original proof of this theorem (a joint work with Benjy Weiss) and then, at the end of the talk, say some words about ...

## Post-edited  Ergodic measures for subshifts with eventually constant growth Fickenscher, Jon (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

We will consider (sub)shifts with complexity such that the difference from $n$ to $n+1$ is constant for all large $n$. The shifts that arise naturally from interval exchange transformations belong to this class. An interval exchange transformation on d intervals has at most $d/2$ ergodic probability measures. We look to establish the correct bound for shifts with constant complexity growth. To this end, we give our current bound and discuss further improvements when more assumptions are allowed. This is ongoing work with Michael Damron. We will consider (sub)shifts with complexity such that the difference from $n$ to $n+1$ is constant for all large $n$. The shifts that arise naturally from interval exchange transformations belong to this class. An interval exchange transformation on d intervals has at most $d/2$ ergodic probability measures. We look to establish the correct bound for shifts with constant complexity growth. To this end, we give our current bound and discuss ...

## Post-edited  Perturbative techniques of the dynamics in the $C^1$-topology Crovisier, Sylvain (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

These lectures will address the dynamics of vector fields or diffeomorphisms of compact manifolds. For the study of generic properties or for the construction of examples, it is often useful to be able to perturb a system. This generally leads to delicate problems: a local modification of the dynamics may cause a radical change in the behavior of the orbits. For the $C^1$-topology, various techniques have been developed which allow to perturb while controlling the dynamics: closing and connection of orbits, perturbation of the tangent dynamics... We derive various applications to the description of $C^1$-generic diffeomorphisms. These lectures will address the dynamics of vector fields or diffeomorphisms of compact manifolds. For the study of generic properties or for the construction of examples, it is often useful to be able to perturb a system. This generally leads to delicate problems: a local modification of the dynamics may cause a radical change in the behavior of the orbits. For the $C^1$-topology, various techniques have been developed which allow to perturb ...

## Post-edited  Ancient solutions of geometric flows Daskalopoulos, Panagiota (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

We will give a survey of recent research progress on ancient or eternal solutions to geometric flows such as the Ricci flow, the Mean Curvature flow and the Yamabe flow.
We will address the classification of ancient solutions to parabolic equations as well as the construction of new ancient solutions from the gluing of two or more solitons.

53C44

## Post-edited  Boosting and waning: on the dynamics of immune status Diekmann, Odo (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

The aim is to describe the distribution of immune status in an age-structured population on the basis of a within-host sub-model [1] for continuous waning and occasional boosting. Inspired by both Feller's fundamental work [2] and the more recent delay equation formulation of physiologically structured populations [3,4], we derive, for a given force of infection, a linear renewal equation that can be solved by successive approximation, i.e., by generation expansion (with the generation number corresponding to the number of times an individual became infected).
In joint work in progress with Wilfred de Graaf, Peter Teunis and Mirjam Kretzschmar we want to use either the generation expansion or an invariant/stable distribution as the starting point for the efficient computation of coarse statistics.
The aim is to describe the distribution of immune status in an age-structured population on the basis of a within-host sub-model [1] for continuous waning and occasional boosting. Inspired by both Feller's fundamental work [2] and the more recent delay equation formulation of physiologically structured populations [3,4], we derive, for a given force of infection, a linear renewal equation that can be solved by successive approximation, i.e., by ...

## Post-edited  Multiple ergodic theorems: old and new - Lecture 1 Kra, Bryna (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

The classic mean ergodic theorem has been extended in numerous ways: multiple averages, polynomial iterates, weighted averages, along with combinations of these extensions. I will give an overview of these advances and the different techniques that have been used, focusing on convergence results and what can be said about the limits.

## Post-edited  Integral points on Markoff type cubic surfaces and dynamics Sarnak, Peter (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

Cubic surfaces in affine three space tend to have few integral points .However certain cubics such as $x^3 + y^3 + z^3 = m$, may have many such points but very little is known. We discuss these questions for Markoff type surfaces: $x^2 +y^2 +z^2 -x\cdot y\cdot z = m$ for which a (nonlinear) descent allows for a study. Specifically that of a Hasse Principle and strong approximation, together with "class numbers" and their averages for the corresponding nonlinear group of morphims of affine three space. Cubic surfaces in affine three space tend to have few integral points .However certain cubics such as $x^3 + y^3 + z^3 = m$, may have many such points but very little is known. We discuss these questions for Markoff type surfaces: $x^2 +y^2 +z^2 -x\cdot y\cdot z = m$ for which a (nonlinear) descent allows for a study. Specifically that of a Hasse Principle and strong approximation, together with "class numbers" and their averages for the ...

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