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# Number Theory  | enregistrements trouvés : 119

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## Post-edited  Bounds for the number of rational points on curves over global fields Pazuki, Fabien (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

Rational points on smooth projective curves of genus $g \ge 2$ over number fields are in finite number thanks to a theorem of Faltings from 1983. The same result was known over function fields of positive characteristic since 1966 thanks to a theorem of Samuel. The aim of the talk is to give a bound as uniform as possible on this number for curves defined over such fields. In a first part we will report on a result by Rémond concerning the number field case and on a way to strengthen it assuming a height conjecture. During the second part we will focus on function fields of positive characteristic and describe a new result obtained in a joined work with Pacheco. Rational points on smooth projective curves of genus $g \ge 2$ over number fields are in finite number thanks to a theorem of Faltings from 1983. The same result was known over function fields of positive characteristic since 1966 thanks to a theorem of Samuel. The aim of the talk is to give a bound as uniform as possible on this number for curves defined over such fields. In a first part we will report on a result by Rémond concerning the ...

## Post-edited  On Schmidt's subspace theorem Evertse, Jan-Hendrik (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

Last year, I published together with Roberto Ferretti a new version of the quantitative subspace theorem, giving a better upper bound for the number of subspaces containing the solutions of the system of inequalities involved. In my lecture, I would like to discuss this improvement, and go into some aspects of its proof.

## Post-edited  Formulas for the limiting distribution of traces of Frobenius Lachaud, Gilles (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

We discuss the distribution of the trace of a random matrix in the compact Lie group USp2g, with the normalized Haar measure. According to the generalized Sato-Tate conjecture, if A is an abelian variety of dimension g defined over the rationals, the sequence of traces of Frobenius in the successive reductions of A modulo primes appears to be equidistributed with respect to this distribution. If g = 2, we provide expressions for the characteristic function, the density, and the repartition function of this distribution in terms of higher transcendental functions, namely Legendre and Meijer functions. We discuss the distribution of the trace of a random matrix in the compact Lie group USp2g, with the normalized Haar measure. According to the generalized Sato-Tate conjecture, if A is an abelian variety of dimension g defined over the rationals, the sequence of traces of Frobenius in the successive reductions of A modulo primes appears to be equidistributed with respect to this distribution. If g = 2, we provide expressions for the cha...

## Post-edited  Polignac numbers and the consecutive gaps between primes Pintz, János (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

We prove a number of surprising results about gaps between consecutive primes and arithmetic progressions in the sequence of generalized twin primes which could not have been proven without the recent new results of Zhang, Maynard and Tao. The presented results are far from being immediate consequences of the results about bounded gaps between primes: they require various new ideas, other important properties of the applied sieve function and a closer analysis of the methods of Goldston-Pintz-Yildirim, Green-Tao, Zhang and Maynard-Tao, respectively. We prove a number of surprising results about gaps between consecutive primes and arithmetic progressions in the sequence of generalized twin primes which could not have been proven without the recent new results of Zhang, Maynard and Tao. The presented results are far from being immediate consequences of the results about bounded gaps between primes: they require various new ideas, other important properties of the applied sieve function and a ...

## Post-edited  A refinement of the abc conjecture Stewart, Cameron L. (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

We shall discuss joint work with Robert and Tenenbaum on a proposed refinement of the well known abc conjecture.

## Post-edited  Braids and Galois groups Matzat, B. Heinrich (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

arithmetic fundamental group - Galois theory - braid groups - rigid analytic geometry - rigidity of finite groups

## Post-edited  Zeta functions and monodromy Veys, Wim (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

The $p$-adic Igusa zeta function, topological and motivic zeta function are (related) invariants of a polynomial $f$, reflecting the singularities of the hypersurface $f = 0$. The first one has a number theoretical flavor and is related to counting numbers of solutions of $f = 0$ over finite rings; the other two are more geometric in nature. The monodromy conjecture relates in a mysterious way these invariants to another singularity invariant of $f$, its local monodromy. We will discuss in this survey talk rationality issues for these zeta functions and the origins of the conjecture. The $p$-adic Igusa zeta function, topological and motivic zeta function are (related) invariants of a polynomial $f$, reflecting the singularities of the hypersurface $f = 0$. The first one has a number theoretical flavor and is related to counting numbers of solutions of $f = 0$ over finite rings; the other two are more geometric in nature. The monodromy conjecture relates in a mysterious way these invariants to another singularity invariant of ...

## Post-edited  Algebraic and transcendental formulas for the smallest parts function Ahlgren, Scott (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

We study the smallest parts function introduced by Andrews. The associated generating function forms a component of a natural mock modular form of weight 3/2 whose shadow is the Dedekind eta function. We obtain an exact formula and an algebraic formula for each value of the smallest parts function; these are analogues of the formulas of Rademacher and Bruinier-Ono for the ordinary partition function. The convergence of our expression is non-trivial; the proof relies on power savings estimates for weighted sums of generalized Kloosterman sums which follow from spectral methods. We study the smallest parts function introduced by Andrews. The associated generating function forms a component of a natural mock modular form of weight 3/2 whose shadow is the Dedekind eta function. We obtain an exact formula and an algebraic formula for each value of the smallest parts function; these are analogues of the formulas of Rademacher and Bruinier-Ono for the ordinary partition function. The convergence of our expression is ...

## Post-edited  The category MF in the semistable case Faltings, Gerd (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

For smooth schemes the category $MF$ (defined by Fontaine for DVR's) realises the "mysterious functor", and provides natural systems of coeffients for crystalline cohomology. We generalise it to schemes with semistable singularities. The new technical features consist mainly of different methods in commutative algebra

14F30

## Post-edited  Coupled rotations and snow falling on cedars McMullen, Curtis T. (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

We study cascades of bifurcations in a simple family of maps on the circle, and connect this behavior to the geometry of an absolute period leaf in genus $2$. The presentation includes pictures of an exotic foliation of the upper half plane, computed with the aid of the Möller-Zagier formula.

## Post-edited  Maximum size of a set of integers with no two adding up to a square Szemerédi, Endre (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

Erdös and Sárközy asked the maximum size of a subset of the first $N$ integers with no two elements adding up to a perfect square. In this talk we prove that the tight answer is $\frac{11}{32}N$ for sufficiently large $N$. We are going to prove some stability results also. This is joint work with Simao Herdade and Ayman Khalfallah.

## Post-edited  Galois codes for arithmetic and geometry via the power of valuation theory Koenigsmann, Jochen (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

We give a survey on recent advances in Grothendiek's program of anabelian geometry to characterize arithmetic and geometric objects in Galois theoretic terms. Valuation theory plays a key role in these developments, thus confirming its well deserved place in mainstream mathematics.
The talk notes are available in the PDF file at the bottom of the page.

## Post-edited  Unramified graph covers of finite degree Li, Winnie (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

Given a finite connected undirected graph $X$, its fundamental group plays the role of the absolute Galois group of $X$. The familiar Galois theory holds in this setting. In this talk we shall discuss graph theoretical counter parts of several important theorems for number fields. Topics include
(a) Determination, up to equivalence, of unramified normal covers of $X$ of given degree,
(c) Chebotarev density theorem.
This is a joint work with Hau-Wen Huang.
Given a finite connected undirected graph $X$, its fundamental group plays the role of the absolute Galois group of $X$. The familiar Galois theory holds in this setting. In this talk we shall discuss graph theoretical counter parts of several important theorems for number fields. Topics include
(a) Determination, up to equivalence, of unramified normal covers of $X$ of given degree,
(c) Chebotarev density ...

## Post-edited  The local Langlands correspondence: functoriality, $L$-functions, gamma functions and the epsilon factors Prasad, Dipendra (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

Spherical Hecke algebra, Satake transform, and an introduction to local Langlands correspondence.

## Post-edited  Beyond Endoscopy and elliptic terms in the trace formula Arthur, James Greig (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

Beyond endoscopy is the strategy put forward by Langlands for applying the trace formula to the general principle of functoriality. Subsequent papers by Langlands (one in collaboration with Frenkel and Ngo), together with more recent papers by Altug, have refined the strategy. They all emphasize the importance of understanding the elliptic terms on the geometric side of the trace formula. We shall discuss the general strategy, and how it pertains to these terms. Beyond endoscopy is the strategy put forward by Langlands for applying the trace formula to the general principle of functoriality. Subsequent papers by Langlands (one in collaboration with Frenkel and Ngo), together with more recent papers by Altug, have refined the strategy. They all emphasize the importance of understanding the elliptic terms on the geometric side of the trace formula. We shall discuss the general strategy, and how it ...

## Post-edited  Parking spaces and Catalan combinatorics for complex reflection groups Lanini, Martina (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

Recently, Armstrong, Reiner and Rhoades associated with any (well generated) complex reflection group two parking spaces, and conjectured their isomorphism. This has to be seen as a generalisation of the bijection between non-crossing and non-nesting partitions, both counted by the Catalan numbers. In this talk, I will review the conjecture and discuss a new approach towards its proof, based on the geometry of the discriminant of a complex reflection group. This is an ongoing joint project with Iain Gordon. Recently, Armstrong, Reiner and Rhoades associated with any (well generated) complex reflection group two parking spaces, and conjectured their isomorphism. This has to be seen as a generalisation of the bijection between non-crossing and non-nesting partitions, both counted by the Catalan numbers. In this talk, I will review the conjecture and discuss a new approach towards its proof, based on the geometry of the discriminant of a complex ...

## Post-edited  Heuristics for boundedness of ranks of elliptic curves Poonen, Bjorn (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

We present heuristics that suggest that there is a uniform bound on the rank of $E(\mathbb{Q})$ as $E$ varies over all elliptic curves over $\mathbb{Q}$. This is joint work with Jennifer Park, John Voight, and Melanie Matchett Wood.

## Post-edited  Extensions between Iwahori-Hecke modules for $SL_2(F)$ in characteristic $p$ Abdellatif, Ramla (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

Let $p$ be a prime number and $F$ be a non-archimedean field with finite residue class field of characteristic $p$. Understanding the category of Iwahori-Hecke modules for $SL_2(F)$ is of great interest in the study of $p$-modular smooth representations of $SL_2(F)$, as these modules naturally show up as spaces of invariant vectors under the action of the standard pro-$p$-Iwahori subgroup. In this talk, we will discuss a work in progress in which we aim to classify all non-trivial extensions between these modules and to compare them with their analogues for $p$-modular smooth representations of $SL_2(F)$ and with their Galois counterpart in the setting of the local Langlands correspondences in natural characteristic. Let $p$ be a prime number and $F$ be a non-archimedean field with finite residue class field of characteristic $p$. Understanding the category of Iwahori-Hecke modules for $SL_2(F)$ is of great interest in the study of $p$-modular smooth representations of $SL_2(F)$, as these modules naturally show up as spaces of invariant vectors under the action of the standard pro-$p$-Iwahori subgroup. In this talk, we will discuss a work in progress in ...

## Post-edited  Applications of algebra to automatic sequences and pattern avoidance - Lecture 1 Bell, Jason P. (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

We will cover some of the more important results from commutative and noncommutative algebra as far as applications to automatic sequences, pattern avoidance, and related areas. Well give an overview of some applications of these areas to the study of automatic and regular sequences and combinatorics on words.

## Post-edited  Multiple ergodic theorems: old and new - Lecture 1 Kra, Bryna (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

The classic mean ergodic theorem has been extended in numerous ways: multiple averages, polynomial iterates, weighted averages, along with combinations of these extensions. I will give an overview of these advances and the different techniques that have been used, focusing on convergence results and what can be said about the limits.

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