The valuation of American options (a widespread type of financial contract) requires the numerical solution of an optimal stopping problem. Numerical methods for such problems have been widely investigated. Monte-Carlo methods are based on the implementation of dynamic programming principles coupled with regression techniques. In lower dimension, one can choose to tackle the related free boundary PDE with deterministic schemes. Pricing of American options will therefore be inevitably heavier than the one of European options, which only requires the computation of a (linear) expectation. The calibration (fitting) of a stochastic model to market quotes for American options is therefore an a priori demanding task. Yet, often this cannot be avoided: on exchange markets one is typically provided only with market quotes for American options on single stocks (as opposed to large stock indexes - e.g. S&P500 - for which large amounts of liquid European options are typically available). In this talk, we show how one can derive (approximate, but accurate enough) explicit formulas - therefore replacing other numerical methods, at least in a low-dimensional case - based on asymptotic calculus for diffusions. More precisely: based on a suitable representation of the PDE free boundary, we derive an approximation of this boundary close to final time that refines the expansions known so far in the literature. Via the early premium formula, this allows to derive semi-closed expressions for the price of the American put/call. The final product is a calibration recipe of a Dupire's local volatility to American option data. Based on joint work with Pierre Henry-Labordère.
Réalisateur : Hennenfent, Guillaume Langue : Anglais Date de publication : 03/08/17 Date de captation : 02/08/17 Collection : Research talks Format : MP4 Durée : 00:55:27 Domaine : Numerical Analysis & Scientific Computing ; Control Theory & Optimization Audience : Chercheurs ; Doctorants , Post - Doctorants Download : http://videos.cirm-math.fr/2017-08-02_DeMarco.mp4
Informations sur la rencontre
Nom du congrès : CEMRACS: Numerical methods for stochastic models: control, uncertainty quantification, mean-field / CEMRACS : Méthodes numériques pour équations stochastiques : contrôle, incertitude, champ moyen Organisteurs Congrès : Bouchard, Bruno ; Chassagneux, Jean-François ; Delarue, François ; Gobet, Emmanuel ; Lelong, Jérôme Dates : 17/07/17 - 25/08/17 Année de la rencontre : 2017 URL Congrès : http://conferences.cirm-math.fr/1556.html
DOI : 10.24350/CIRM.V.19204603 Cite this video as: De Marco, Stefano (2017). Some asymptotic results about American options and volativity. CIRM. Audiovisual resource. doi:10.24350/CIRM.V.19204603URI : http://dx.doi.org/10.24350/CIRM.V.19204603