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The Chowla conjecture asserts that the signs of the Liouville function are distributed randomly on the integers. Reinterpreted in the language of ergodic theory this conjecture asserts that the Liouville dynamical system is a Bernoulli system. We prove that ergodicity of the Liouville system implies the Chowla conjecture. Our argument has an ergodic flavor and combines recent results in analytic number theory, finitistic and infinitary decomposition results involving uniformity norms, and equidistribution results on nilmanifolds. The Chowla conjecture asserts that the signs of the Liouville function are distributed randomly on the integers. Reinterpreted in the language of ergodic theory this conjecture asserts that the Liouville dynamical system is a Bernoulli system. We prove that ergodicity of the Liouville system implies the Chowla conjecture. Our argument has an ergodic flavor and combines recent results in analytic number theory, finitistic and infinitary ...

11N60 ; 11B30 ; 11N37 ; 37A45

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Given an additive function $f$ and a multiplicative function $g$, let
$E(f,g;x)=\#\left \{ n\leq x:f(n)=g(n) \right \}$
We study the size of $E(f,g;x)$ for those functions $f$ and $g$ such that $f(n)\neq g(n)$ for at least one value of $n> 1$. In particular, when $f(n)=\omega (n)$ , the number of distinct prime factors of $n$ , we show that for any $\varepsilon >0$ , there exists a multiplicative function $g$ such that
$E(\varepsilon ,g;x)\gg \frac{x}{\left ( \log \log x\right )^{1+\varepsilon }}$,
while we prove that $E(\varepsilon ,g;x)=o(x)$ as $x\rightarrow \infty$ for every multiplicative function $g$.
Given an additive function $f$ and a multiplicative function $g$, let
$E(f,g;x)=\#\left \{ n\leq x:f(n)=g(n) \right \}$
We study the size of $E(f,g;x)$ for those functions $f$ and $g$ such that $f(n)\neq g(n)$ for at least one value of $n> 1$. In particular, when $f(n)=\omega (n)$ , the number of distinct prime factors of $n$ , we show that for any $\varepsilon >0$ , there exists a multiplicative function $g$ such that
$E(\varepsilon ...

11N37 ; 11K65 ; 11N60

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