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Documents  14G05 | enregistrements trouvés : 6

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Post-edited  Unirational varieties - Part 1
Mella, Massimiliano (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

The aim of these talks is to give an overview to unirationality problems. I will discuss the behaviour of unirationality in families and its relation with rational connectedness. Then I will concentrate on hypersurfaces and conic bundles. These special classes of varieties are a good place where to test different techniques and try to approach the unirationality problem via rational connectedness.

14M20 ; 14G05 ; 14E05

Rational points on smooth projective curves of genus $g \ge 2$ over number fields are in finite number thanks to a theorem of Faltings from 1983. The same result was known over function fields of positive characteristic since 1966 thanks to a theorem of Samuel. The aim of the talk is to give a bound as uniform as possible on this number for curves defined over such fields. In a first part we will report on a result by Rémond concerning the number field case and on a way to strengthen it assuming a height conjecture. During the second part we will focus on function fields of positive characteristic and describe a new result obtained in a joined work with Pacheco. Rational points on smooth projective curves of genus $g \ge 2$ over number fields are in finite number thanks to a theorem of Faltings from 1983. The same result was known over function fields of positive characteristic since 1966 thanks to a theorem of Samuel. The aim of the talk is to give a bound as uniform as possible on this number for curves defined over such fields. In a first part we will report on a result by Rémond concerning the ...

14G05 ; 11G35

Multi angle  Unirational varieties - Part 3
Mella, Massimiliano (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

The aim of these talks is to give an overview to unirationality problems. I will discuss the behaviour of unirationality in families and its relation with rational connectedness. Then I will concentrate on hypersurfaces and conic bundles. These special classes of varieties are a good place where to test different techniques and try to approach the unirationality problem via rational connectedness.

14M20 ; 14G05 ; 14E05

Multi angle  Unirational varieties - Part 2
Mella, Massimiliano (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

The aim of these talks is to give an overview to unirationality problems. I will discuss the behaviour of unirationality in families and its relation with rational connectedness. Then I will concentrate on hypersurfaces and conic bundles. These special classes of varieties are a good place where to test different techniques and try to approach the unirationality problem via rational connectedness.

14M20 ; 14G05 ; 14E05

Multi angle  Sets with few rational points
Comte, Georges (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

In the spirit of famous papers by Pila & Bombieri and Pila & Wilkie, I will explain how to bound the number of rational points, with respect to their height, in various kinds of sets, such as transcendental sets definable in some o-minimal - or even not o-minimal - structure over the real field. I will emphazise the role played by bounds on derivatives and on sets of zeroes in this context.

03C98 ; 11D88 ; 14G05

We will present some of the original definitions, results, and proof techniques about Pfaffian functions on the reals by Khovanskii.
A simple example of a Pfaffian function is an analytic function $f$ in one variable $x$ satisfying a differential equation $f^\prime = P(x,f)$ where $P$ is a polynomial in two variables. Khovanskii gives a notion of complexity of Pfaffian functions which in the example is just the degree of $P$. Using this complexity, he proves analogues of Bézout's theorem for Pfaffian curves (say, zero loci of Pfaffian functions in two variables), with explicit upper bounds in terms of the ocurring complexities.
We explain a recent application by J. Pila and others to a low-dimensional case of Wilkie's conjecture on rational points of bounded height on restricted Pfaffian curves. The result says that the number of rational points of height bounded by $T$, on a transcendental restricted Pfaffian curve, grows at most as a power of log$(T)$ as $T$ grows. This improves the typical upper bound $T^\epsilon$ in Pila-Wilkie's results in general o-minimal structures, the improvement being due to extra geometric Bézout-like control.
In the non-archimedean setting, I will explain analogues of some of these results and techniques, most of which are (emerging) work in progress with L. Lipshitz, F. Martin and A. Smeets. Some ideas in this case come from work by Denef and Lipshitz on variants of Artin approximation in the context of power series solution.
We will present some of the original definitions, results, and proof techniques about Pfaffian functions on the reals by Khovanskii.
A simple example of a Pfaffian function is an analytic function $f$ in one variable $x$ satisfying a differential equation $f^\prime = P(x,f)$ where $P$ is a polynomial in two variables. Khovanskii gives a notion of complexity of Pfaffian functions which in the example is just the degree of $P$. Using this ...

03C98 ; 14G05 ; 14H05 ; 58A17

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