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Documents  20F65 | enregistrements trouvés : 9

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I will present results of three studies, performed in collaboration with M.Benli, L.Bowen, A.Dudko, R.Kravchenko and T.Nagnibeda, concerning the invariant and characteristic random subgroups in some groups of geometric origin, including hyperbolic groups, mapping class groups, groups of intermediate growth and branch groups. The role of totally non free actions will be emphasized. This will be used to explain why branch groups have infinitely many factor representations of type $II_1$. I will present results of three studies, performed in collaboration with M.Benli, L.Bowen, A.Dudko, R.Kravchenko and T.Nagnibeda, concerning the invariant and characteristic random subgroups in some groups of geometric origin, including hyperbolic groups, mapping class groups, groups of intermediate growth and branch groups. The role of totally non free actions will be emphasized. This will be used to explain why branch groups have infinitely ...

20E08 ; 20F65 ; 37B05

Post-edited  On subgroups of R. Thompson's group $F$
Sapir, Mark (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

We provide two ways to show that the R. Thompson group $F$ has maximal subgroups of infinite index which do not fix any number in the unit interval under the natural action of $F$ on $(0,1)$, thus solving a problem by D. Savchuk. The first way employs Jones' subgroup of the R. Thompson group $F$ and leads to an explicit finitely generated example. The second way employs directed 2-complexes and 2-dimensional analogs of Stallings' core graphs, and gives many implicit examples. We also show that $F$ has a decreasing sequence of finitely generated subgroups $F>H_1>H_2>...$ such that $\cap H_i={1}$ and for every $i$ there exist only finitely many subgroups of $F$ containing $H_i$. We provide two ways to show that the R. Thompson group $F$ has maximal subgroups of infinite index which do not fix any number in the unit interval under the natural action of $F$ on $(0,1)$, thus solving a problem by D. Savchuk. The first way employs Jones' subgroup of the R. Thompson group $F$ and leads to an explicit finitely generated example. The second way employs directed 2-complexes and 2-dimensional analogs of Stallings' core graphs, ...

20F65 ; 20E07 ; 20F05

An endomorphism of a finitely generated free group naturally descends to an injective endomorphism on the stable quotient. We establish a geometric incarnation of this fact : an expanding irreducible train track map inducing an endomorphism of the fundamental group determines an expanding irreducible train track representative of the injective endomorphism of the stable quotient. As an application, we prove that the property of having fully irreducible monodromy for a splitting of a hyperbolic free-by-cyclic group G depends only on the component of the BNS invariant $\sum \left ( G \right )$ containing the associated homomorphism to the integers. In particular, it follows that if G is the mapping torus of an atoroidal fully irreducible automorphism of a free group and if the union of $\sum \left ( G \right ) $ and $\sum \left ( G \right )$ is connected then for every splitting of $G$ as a (f.g. free)-by-(infinite cyclic) group the monodromy is fully irreducible.
This talk is based on joint work with Spencer Dowdall and Christopher Leininger.
An endomorphism of a finitely generated free group naturally descends to an injective endomorphism on the stable quotient. We establish a geometric incarnation of this fact : an expanding irreducible train track map inducing an endomorphism of the fundamental group determines an expanding irreducible train track representative of the injective endomorphism of the stable quotient. As an application, we prove that the property of having fully ...

20F65 ; 57Mxx ; 37BXX ; 37Dxx

Erdös and Rényi introduced a model for studying random graphs of a given "density" and proved that there is a sharp threshold at which lower density random graphs are disconnected and higher density ones are connected. Motivated by ideas in geometric group theory we will explain some new threshold theorems we have discovered for random graphs. We will then explain applications of these results to the geometry of Coxeter groups. Some of this talk will be on joint work with Hagen and Sisto; other parts are joint work with Hagen, Susse, and Falgas-Ravry. Erdös and Rényi introduced a model for studying random graphs of a given "density" and proved that there is a sharp threshold at which lower density random graphs are disconnected and higher density ones are connected. Motivated by ideas in geometric group theory we will explain some new threshold theorems we have discovered for random graphs. We will then explain applications of these results to the geometry of Coxeter groups. Some of this talk ...

05C80 ; 20F65

Multi angle  Pseudo-Anosov braids are generic
Wiest, Bert (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

We prove that generic elements of braid groups are pseudo-Anosov, in the following sense: in the Cayley graph of the braid group with $n\geq 3$ strands, with respect to Garside's generating set, we prove that the proportion of pseudo-Anosov braids in the ball of radius $l$ tends to $1$ exponentially quickly as $l$ tends to infinity. Moreover, with a similar notion of genericity, we prove that for generic pairs of elements of the braid group, the conjugacy search problem can be solved in quadratic time. The idea behind both results is that generic braids can be conjugated ''easily'' into a rigid braid.
braid groups - Garside groups - Nielsen-Thurston classification - pseudo-Anosov - conjugacy problem
We prove that generic elements of braid groups are pseudo-Anosov, in the following sense: in the Cayley graph of the braid group with $n\geq 3$ strands, with respect to Garside's generating set, we prove that the proportion of pseudo-Anosov braids in the ball of radius $l$ tends to $1$ exponentially quickly as $l$ tends to infinity. Moreover, with a similar notion of genericity, we prove that for generic pairs of elements of the braid group, the ...

20F36 ; 20F10 ; 20F65

Multi angle  Kazhdan projections
Drutu, Cornelia (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

Kazhdan projections are usually considred objects relevant in operator algebras. In particular, they played a central part in the construction of counter-examples to the Baum-Connes conjecture.
In this talk I shall explain how, in the general setting of a family of representations on Banach spaces, one can reformulate the Kazhdan property "almost invariant implies invariant vectors" in terms of Kazhdan projections, providing also an explicit formula of the latter, using Markov operators associated to a random walk on the group. I will then explain some applications of this new approach.
This is joint work with Piotr Nowak.
Kazhdan projections are usually considred objects relevant in operator algebras. In particular, they played a central part in the construction of counter-examples to the Baum-Connes conjecture.
In this talk I shall explain how, in the general setting of a family of representations on Banach spaces, one can reformulate the Kazhdan property "almost invariant implies invariant vectors" in terms of Kazhdan projections, providing also an explicit ...

20F65 ; 46B04

A subgroup $H$ of an acylindrically hyperbolic groups $G$ is called geometrically dense if for every non-elementary acylindrical action of $G$ on a hyperbolic space, the limit sets of $G$ and $H$ coincide. We prove that for every ergodic measure preserving action of a countable acylindrically hyperbolic group $G$ on a Borel probability space, either the stabilizer of almost every point is geometrically dense in $G$, or the action is essentially almost free (i.e., the stabilizers are finite). Various corollaries and generalizations of this result will be discussed. A subgroup $H$ of an acylindrically hyperbolic groups $G$ is called geometrically dense if for every non-elementary acylindrical action of $G$ on a hyperbolic space, the limit sets of $G$ and $H$ coincide. We prove that for every ergodic measure preserving action of a countable acylindrically hyperbolic group $G$ on a Borel probability space, either the stabilizer of almost every point is geometrically dense in $G$, or the action is essentially ...

20F67 ; 20F65

Given a nontrivial conjugacy class $g$ in a free group $F_{N}$, what can we say about the typical growth of g under application of a random product of auto-morphisms of $F_{N}$? I will present a law of large numbers, a central limit theorem and a spectral theorem in this context. Similar results also hold for the growth
of simple closed curves on a closed hyperbolic surface, under application of a random product of mapping classes of the surface. This is partly joint work with François Dahmani.
Given a nontrivial conjugacy class $g$ in a free group $F_{N}$, what can we say about the typical growth of g under application of a random product of auto-morphisms of $F_{N}$? I will present a law of large numbers, a central limit theorem and a spectral theorem in this context. Similar results also hold for the growth
of simple closed curves on a closed hyperbolic surface, under application of a random product of mapping classes of the ...

20F65

Hyperbolically embedded subgroups have been defined by Dahmani-Guirardel-Osin and they provide a common perspective on (relatively) hyperbolic groups, mapping class groups, Out(F_n), CAT(0) groups and many others. I will sketch how to extend a quasi-cocycle on a hyperbolically embedded subgroup H to a quasi-cocycle on the ambient group G. Also, I will discuss how some of those extended quasi-cocycles (of dimension 2 and higher) "contain" the information that H is hyperbolically embedded in G. This is joint work with Roberto Frigerio and Maria Beatrice Pozzetti. Hyperbolically embedded subgroups have been defined by Dahmani-Guirardel-Osin and they provide a common perspective on (relatively) hyperbolic groups, mapping class groups, Out(F_n), CAT(0) groups and many others. I will sketch how to extend a quasi-cocycle on a hyperbolically embedded subgroup H to a quasi-cocycle on the ambient group G. Also, I will discuss how some of those extended quasi-cocycles (of dimension 2 and higher) "contain" the ...

20F65

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