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Multi angle  On the Hall-MHD equations
Chae, Dongho (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

In this talk we present recent results on the Hall-MHD system. We consider the incompressible MHD-Hall equations in $\mathbb{R}^3$.

$\partial_tu +u \cdot u + \nabla u+\nabla p = \left ( \nabla \times B \right )\times B +\nu \nabla u,$
$\nabla \cdot u =0, \nabla \cdot B =0, $
$\partial_tB - \nabla \times \left (u \times B\right ) + \nabla \times \left (\left (\nabla \times B\right )\times B \right ) = \mu \nabla B,$
$u\left (x,0 \right )=u_0\left (x\right ) ; B\left (x,0 \right )=B_0\left (x\right ).$

Here $u=\left (u_1, u_2, u_3 \right ) = u \left (x,t \right ) $ is the velocity of the charged fluid, $B=\left (B_1, B_2, B_3 \right ) $ the magnetic field induced by the motion of the charged fluid, $p=p \left (x,t \right )$ the pressure of the fluid. The positive constants $\nu$ and $\mu$ are the viscosity and the resistivity coefficients. Compared with the usual viscous incompressible MHD system, the above system contains the extra term $\nabla \times \left (\left (\nabla \times B\right )\times B \right ) $ , which is the so called Hall term. This term is important when the magnetic shear is large, where the magnetic reconnection happens. On the other hand, in the case of laminar ows where the shear is weak, one ignores the Hall term, and the system reduces to the usual MHD. Compared to the case of the usual MHD the history of the fully rigorous mathematical study of the Cauchy problem for the Hall-MHD system is very short. The global existence of weak solutions in the periodic domain is done in [1] by a Galerkin approximation. The global existence in the whole domain in $\mathbb{R}^3$ as well as the local well-posedness of smooth solution is proved in [2], where the global existence of smooth solution for small initial data is also established. A refined form of the blow-up criteria and small data global existence is obtained in [3]. Temporal decay estimateof the global small solutions is deduced in [4]. In the case of zero resistivity we present finite time blow-up result for the solutions obtained in [5]. We note that this is quite rare case, as far as the authors know, where the blow-up result for the incompressible flows is proved.
In this talk we present recent results on the Hall-MHD system. We consider the incompressible MHD-Hall equations in $\mathbb{R}^3$.

$\partial_tu +u \cdot u + \nabla u+\nabla p = \left ( \nabla \times B \right )\times B +\nu \nabla u,$
$\nabla \cdot u =0, \nabla \cdot B =0, $
$\partial_tB - \nabla \times \left (u \times B\right ) + \nabla \times \left (\left (\nabla \times B\right )\times B \right ) = \mu \nabla B,$
$u\left (x,0 \right ...

35Q35 ; 76W05

We first summarize the derivation of viscoelastic (rate-type) fluids with stress diffusion that generates the models that are compatible with the second law of thermodynamics and where no approximation/reduction takes place. The approach is based on the concept of natural configuration that splits the total response between the current and initial configuration into the purely elastic and dissipative part. Then we restrict ourselves to the class of fluids where elastic response is purely spherical. For such class of fluids we then provide a mathematical theory that, in particular, includes the long-time and large-data existence of weak solution for suitable initial and boundary value problems. This is a joint work with Miroslav Bulicek, Vit Prusa and Endre Suli. We first summarize the derivation of viscoelastic (rate-type) fluids with stress diffusion that generates the models that are compatible with the second law of thermodynamics and where no approximation/reduction takes place. The approach is based on the concept of natural configuration that splits the total response between the current and initial configuration into the purely elastic and dissipative part. Then we restrict ourselves to the class ...

76A10 ; 80A10 ; 35D30 ; 35Q35

We construct a hierarchy of hybrid numerical methods for multi-scale kinetic equations based on moment realizability matrices, a concept introduced by Levermore, Morokoff and Nadiga. Following such a criterion, one can consider hybrid scheme where the hydrodynamic part is given either by the compressible Euler or Navier-Stokes equations, or even with more general models, such as the Burnett or super-Burnett systems.
PDE - numerical methods - Boltzmann equation - fluid models - hybrid methods
We construct a hierarchy of hybrid numerical methods for multi-scale kinetic equations based on moment realizability matrices, a concept introduced by Levermore, Morokoff and Nadiga. Following such a criterion, one can consider hybrid scheme where the hydrodynamic part is given either by the compressible Euler or Navier-Stokes equations, or even with more general models, such as the Burnett or super-Burnett systems.
PDE - numerical methods - ...

35Q35 ; 65N08 ; 65N22

Vlasov-Poisson-Fokker-Planck equations provide a simplified model for a cloud of cold atoms in a Magneto Optical Trap. The strong field, or quasi-neutral regime, where the repulsive interaction dominates, is often relevant for experiments. Motivated by this example and more generally by trapped non neutral plasmas, we study this quasi-neutral limit, and show under certain conditions the convergence of the solution of Vlasov-Poisson-Fokker-Planck equations to the solution of incompressible Euler equation.
For an infinite or periodic system, this limit has already been studied by Y. Brenier and N. Masmoudi. New difficulties arise here from the Fokker-Planck operator, and especially from the boundary conditions (Joint work with D. Chiron, T. Goudon et N. Masmoudi).
Vlasov-Poisson-Fokker-Planck equations provide a simplified model for a cloud of cold atoms in a Magneto Optical Trap. The strong field, or quasi-neutral regime, where the repulsive interaction dominates, is often relevant for experiments. Motivated by this example and more generally by trapped non neutral plasmas, we study this quasi-neutral limit, and show under certain conditions the convergence of the solution of Vlasov-Poisson-Fokker-Planck ...

35Q35 ; 82D10

We investigate the gyrokinetic limit for the two-dimensional Vlasov-Poisson system in a regime studied by F. Golse and L. Saint-Raymond [1, 3]. First we establish the convergence towards the Euler equation under several assumptions on the energy and on the norms of the initial data. Then we analyze the asymptotics for a Vlasov-Poisson system describing the interaction of a bounded density of particles with a moving point charge, characterized by a Dirac mass in the phase-space. We investigate the gyrokinetic limit for the two-dimensional Vlasov-Poisson system in a regime studied by F. Golse and L. Saint-Raymond [1, 3]. First we establish the convergence towards the Euler equation under several assumptions on the energy and on the norms of the initial data. Then we analyze the asymptotics for a Vlasov-Poisson system describing the interaction of a bounded density of particles with a moving point charge, characterized by ...

76X05 ; 82C21 ; 35Q35 ; 35Q83 ; 35Q60 ; 82D10

We consider the 1-D Schrödinger system with point vortex-type interactions that was derived by R. Klein, A. Majda and K. Damodaran and by V. Zakharov to modelize the dynamics of N nearly parallel vortex filaments in a 3-D incompressible fluid. We first prove a global in time result and display several classes of solutions. Then we consider the problem of collisions. In particular we establish rigorously the existence of a pair of almost parallel vortex filaments, with opposite circulation, colliding at some point in finite time. These results are joint works with E. Faou and E. Miot. We consider the 1-D Schrödinger system with point vortex-type interactions that was derived by R. Klein, A. Majda and K. Damodaran and by V. Zakharov to modelize the dynamics of N nearly parallel vortex filaments in a 3-D incompressible fluid. We first prove a global in time result and display several classes of solutions. Then we consider the problem of collisions. In particular we establish rigorously the existence of a pair of almost parallel ...

35Q35 ; 76B47

We investigate the gyrokinetic limit for the two-dimensional Vlasov-Poisson system in a regime studied by F. Golse and L. Saint-Raymond. First we establish the convergence towards the Euler equation under several assumptions on the energy and on the norms of the initial data. Then we provide a first analysis of the asymptotics for a Vlasov-Poisson system describing the interaction of a bounded density with a moving point charge.

82D10 ; 82C40 ; 35Q35 ; 35Q83 ; 35Q31

We consider an acoustic waveguide modeled as follows:

$ \left \{\begin {matrix}
\Delta u+k^2(1+V)u=0& in & \Omega= \mathbb{R} \times]0,1[\\
\frac{\partial u}{\partial y}=0& on & \partial \Omega
\end{matrix}\right.$

where $u$ denotes the complex valued pressure, k is the frequency and $V \in L^\infty(\Omega)$ is a compactly supported potential.
It is well-known that they may exist non trivial solutions $u$ in $L^2(\Omega)$, called trapped modes. Associated eigenvalues $\lambda = k^2$ are embedded in the essential spectrum $\mathbb{R}^+$. They can be computed as the real part of the complex spectrum of a non-self-adjoint eigenvalue problem, defined by using the so-called Perfectly Matched Layers (which consist in a complex dilation in the infinite direction) [1].
We show here that it is possible, by modifying in particular the parameters of the Perfectly Matched Layers, to define new complex spectra which include, in addition to trapped modes, frequencies where the potential $V$ is, in some sense, invisible to one incident wave.
Our approach allows to extend to higher dimension the results obtained in [2] on a 1D model problem.
We consider an acoustic waveguide modeled as follows:

$ \left \{\begin {matrix}
\Delta u+k^2(1+V)u=0& in & \Omega= \mathbb{R} \times]0,1[\\
\frac{\partial u}{\partial y}=0& on & \partial \Omega
\end{matrix}\right.$

where $u$ denotes the complex valued pressure, k is the frequency and $V \in L^\infty(\Omega)$ is a compactly supported potential.
It is well-known that they may exist non trivial solutions $u$ in $L^2(\Omega)$, called trapped ...

35Q35 ; 35J05 ; 65N30 ; 41A60 ; 47H10 ; 76Q05 ; 35B40

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