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# Documents  60K35 | enregistrements trouvés : 23

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## Post-edited  Bootstrap percolation on Erdos-Renyi graphs Angel, Omer (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

We consider bootstrap percolation on the Erdos-Renyi graph: given an initial infected set, a vertex becomes infected if it has at least $r$ infected neighbours. The graph is susceptible if there exists an initial set of size $r$ that infects the whole graph. We identify the critical threshold for susceptibility. We also analyse Bollobas's related graph-bootstrap percolation model.
Joint with Brett Kolesnik.

## Post-edited  Variational formulas, Busemann functions, and fluctuation exponents for the corner growth model with exponential weights - Lecture 1 Seppäläinen, Timo (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

Variational formulas for limit shapes of directed last-passage percolation models. Connections of minimizing cocycles of the variational formulas to geodesics, Busemann functions, and stationary percolation.

## Post-edited  Self-interacting walks and uniform spanning forests Peres, Yuval (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

In the first half of the talk, I will survey results and open problems on transience of self-interacting martingales. In particular, I will describe joint works with S. Popov, P. Sousi, R. Eldan and F. Nazarov on the tradeoff between the ambient dimension and the number of different step distributions needed to obtain a recurrent process. In the second, unrelated, half of the talk, I will present joint work with Tom Hutchcroft, showing that the component structure of the uniform spanning forest in $\mathbb{Z}^d$ changes every dimension for $d > 8$. This sharpens an earlier result of Benjamini, Kesten, Schramm and the speaker (Annals Math 2004), where we established a phase transition every four dimensions. The proofs are based on a the connection to loop-erased random walks. In the first half of the talk, I will survey results and open problems on transience of self-interacting martingales. In particular, I will describe joint works with S. Popov, P. Sousi, R. Eldan and F. Nazarov on the tradeoff between the ambient dimension and the number of different step distributions needed to obtain a recurrent process. In the second, unrelated, half of the talk, I will present joint work with Tom Hutchcroft, showing that the ...

## Multi angle  Frozen and near-critical percolation van den Berg, Jacob (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

Motivated by solgel transitions, David Aldous (2000) introduced and analysed a fascinating dynamic percolation model on a tree where clusters stop growing ('freeze') as soon as they become infinite.
In this talk I will discuss recent (and ongoing) work, with Demeter Kiss and Pierre Nolin, on processes of similar flavour on planar lattices. We focus on the problem whether or not the giant (i.e. 'frozen') clusters occupy a negligible fraction of space. Accurate results for near-critical percolation play an important role in the solution of this problem.
I will also present a version of the model which can be interpreted as a sensor/communication network.
Motivated by solgel transitions, David Aldous (2000) introduced and analysed a fascinating dynamic percolation model on a tree where clusters stop growing ('freeze') as soon as they become infinite.
In this talk I will discuss recent (and ongoing) work, with Demeter Kiss and Pierre Nolin, on processes of similar flavour on planar lattices. We focus on the problem whether or not the giant (i.e. 'frozen') clusters occupy a negligible fraction of ...

## Multi angle  Annealed scaling for a charged polymer den Hollander, Frank (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

We study an undirected polymer chain living on the one-dimensional integer lattice and carrying i.i.d. random charges. Each self-intersection of the polymer chain contributes an energy to the interaction Hamiltonian that is equal to the product of the charges of the two monomers that meet. The joint probability distribution for the polymer chain and the charges is given by the Gibbs distribution associated with the interaction Hamiltonian. We analyze the annealed free energy per monomer in the limit as the length of the polymer chain tends to infinity. We derive a spectral representation for the free energy and use this to show that there is a critical curve in the (charge bias, inverse temperature)-plane separating a ballistic phase from a subballistic phase. We show that the phase transition is first order, identify the scaling behaviour of the critical curve for small and for large charge bias, and also identify the scaling behaviour of the free energy for small charge bias and small inverse temperature. In addition, we prove a large deviation principle for the joint law of the empirical speed and the empirical charge, and derive a spectral representation for the associated rate function. This in turn leads to a law of large numbers and a central limit theorem. What happens for the quenched free energy per monomer remains open. We state two modest results and raise a few questions. Joint work with F. Caravenna, N. Petrelis and J. Poisat We study an undirected polymer chain living on the one-dimensional integer lattice and carrying i.i.d. random charges. Each self-intersection of the polymer chain contributes an energy to the interaction Hamiltonian that is equal to the product of the charges of the two monomers that meet. The joint probability distribution for the polymer chain and the charges is given by the Gibbs distribution associated with the interaction Hamiltonian. We ...

## Multi angle  Genetic variability under the seed bank coalescent Blath, Jochen (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

We analyse patterns of genetic variability of populations in the presence of a large seed bank with the help of a new coalescent structure called seed bank coalescent. This ancestral process appears naturally as scaling limit of the genealogy of large populations that sustain seed banks, if the seed bank size and individual dormancy times are of the same order as the active population. Mutations appear as Poisson process on the active lineages, and potentially at reduced rate also on the dormant lineages. The presence of 'dormant' lineages leads to qualitatively altered times to the most recent common ancestor and non-classical patterns of genetic diversity. To illustrate this we provide a Wright-Fisher model with seed bank component and mutation, motivated from recent models of microbial dormancy, whose genealogy can be described by the seed bank coalescent. Based on our coalescent model, we derive recursions for the expectation and variance of the time to most recent common ancestor, number of segregating sites, pairwise differences, and singletons. Commonly employed distance statistics, in the presence and absence of a seed bank, are compared. The effect of a seed bank on the expected site-frequency spectrum is also investigated. Our results indicate that the presence of a large seed bank considerably alters the distribution of some distance statistics, as well as the site-frequency spectrum. Thus, one should be able to detect the presence of a large seed bank in genetic data. Joint work with Bjarki Eldon, Adrián González Casanova, Noemi Kurt, Maite Wilke-Berenguer We analyse patterns of genetic variability of populations in the presence of a large seed bank with the help of a new coalescent structure called seed bank coalescent. This ancestral process appears naturally as scaling limit of the genealogy of large populations that sustain seed banks, if the seed bank size and individual dormancy times are of the same order as the active population. Mutations appear as Poisson process on the active lineages, ...

## Multi angle  The weak KPZ universality conjecture. Lecture 1 Jara, Milton | CIRM (Editeur )

The aim of this series of lectures is to explain what the weak KPZ universality conjecture is, and to present a proof of it in the stationary case.
Lecture 1: The KPZ equation, the KPZ universality class and the weak and strong KPZ universality conjectures.
Lecture 2: The martingale approach and energy solutions of the KPZ equation.
Lecture 3: A proof of the weak KPZ universality conjecture in the stationary case.

## Multi angle  The weak KPZ universality conjecture. Lecture 2 Jara, Milton (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

The aim of this series of lectures is to explain what the weak KPZ universality conjecture is, and to present a proof of it in the stationary case.
Lecture 1: The KPZ equation, the KPZ universality class and the weak and strong KPZ universality conjectures.
Lecture 2: The martingale approach and energy solutions of the KPZ equation.
Lecture 3: A proof of the weak KPZ universality conjecture in the stationary case.

## Multi angle  The weak KPZ universality conjecture. Lecture 3 Jara, Milton (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

The aim of this series of lectures is to explain what the weak KPZ universality conjecture is, and to present a proof of it in the stationary case.
Lecture 1: The KPZ equation, the KPZ universality class and the weak and strong KPZ universality conjectures.
Lecture 2: The martingale approach and energy solutions of the KPZ equation.
Lecture 3: A proof of the weak KPZ universality conjecture in the stationary case.

## Multi angle  Nesting statistics in the $O(n)$ loop model on random planar maps Bouttier, Jérémie (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

The $O(n)$ model can be formulated in terms of loops living on the lattice, with n the fugacity per loop. In two dimensions, it is known to possess a rich critical behavior, involving critical exponents varying continuously with n. In this talk, we will consider the case where the model is "coupled to 2D quantum gravity", namely it is defined on a random map.
It has been known since the 90's that the partition function of the model can be expressed as a matrix integral, which can be evaluated exactly in the planar limit. A few years ago, together with G. Borot and E. Guitter, we revisited the problem by a combinatorial approach, which allows to relate it to the so-called Boltzmann random maps, which have no loops but faces of arbitrary (and controlled) face degrees. In particular we established that the critical points of the $O(n)$ model are closely related to the "stable maps" introduced by Le Gall and Miermont.
After reviewing these results, I will move on to a more recent work done in collaboration with G. Borot and B. Duplantier, where we study the nesting statistics of loops. More precisely we consider loop configurations with two marked points and study the distribution of the number of loops separating them. The associated generating function can be computed exactly and, by taking asymptotics, we show that the number of separating loops grows logarithmically with the size of the maps at a (non generic) critical point, with an explicit large deviation function. Using a continuous generalization of the KPZ relation, our results are in full agreement with those of Miller, Watson and Wilson concerning nestings in Conformal Loop Ensembles.
The $O(n)$ model can be formulated in terms of loops living on the lattice, with n the fugacity per loop. In two dimensions, it is known to possess a rich critical behavior, involving critical exponents varying continuously with n. In this talk, we will consider the case where the model is "coupled to 2D quantum gravity", namely it is defined on a random map.
It has been known since the 90's that the partition function of the model can be ...

## Multi angle  Recurrence of half plane maps Angel, Omer (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

On a graph $G$, we consider the bootstrap model: some vertices are infected and any vertex with 2 infected vertices becomes infected. We identify the location of the threshold for the event that the Erdos-Renyi graph $G(n, p)$ can be fully infected by a seed of only two infected vertices. Joint work with Brett Kolesnik.

## Multi angle  The Airy point process in the two-periodic Aztec diamond Johansson, Kurt (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

The two-periodic Aztec diamond is a dimer or random tiling model with three phases, solid, liquid and gas. The dimers form a determinantal point process with a somewhat complicated but explicit correlation kernel. I will discuss in some detail how the Airy point process can be found at the liquid-gas boundary by looking at suitable averages of height function differences. The argument is a rather complicated analysis using the cumulant approach and subtle cancellations. Joint work with Vincent Beffara and Sunil Chhita. The two-periodic Aztec diamond is a dimer or random tiling model with three phases, solid, liquid and gas. The dimers form a determinantal point process with a somewhat complicated but explicit correlation kernel. I will discuss in some detail how the Airy point process can be found at the liquid-gas boundary by looking at suitable averages of height function differences. The argument is a rather complicated analysis using the cumulant approach ...

## Multi angle  Variational formulas, Busemann functions, and fluctuation exponents for the corner growth model with exponential weights - Lecture 2 Seppäläinen, Timo (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

Busemann functions for the two-dimensional corner growth model with exponential weights. Derivation of the stationary corner growth model and its use for calculating the limit shape and proving existence of Busemann functions.

## Multi angle  Variational formulas, Busemann functions, and fluctuation exponents for the corner growth model with exponential weights - Lecture 3 Seppäläinen, Timo (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

Kardar-Parisi-Zhang fluctuation exponent for the last-passage value of the two-dimensional corner growth model with exponential weights. We sketch the proof of the fluctuation exponent for the stationary corner growth process, and if time permits indicate how the exponent is derived for the percolation process with i.i.d. weights.

## Multi angle  Low temperature interfaces and level lines in the critical prewetting regime Ioffe, Dmitry (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

Complete wetting in the context of the low temperature two-dimensional Ising model is characterized by creation of a mesoscopic size layer of the "-" phase above an active substrate. Adding a small positive magnetic field h makes "-"-phase unstable, and the layer becomes only microscopically thick. Critical prewetting corresponds to a continuous divergence of this layer as h tends to zero. There is a conjectured 1/3 (diffusive) scaling leading to Ferrari-Spohn diffusions. Rigorous results were established for polymer models of random and self-avoiding walks under vanishing area tilts.
A similar 1/3-scaling is conjectured to hold for top level lines of low temperature SOS-type interfaces in three dimensions. In the latter case, the effective local structure is that of ordered walks, again under area tilts. The conjectured scaling limits (rigorously established in the random walk context) are ordered diffusions driven by Airy Slatter determinants.
Based on joint walks with Senya Shlosman, Yvan Velenik and Vitali Wachtel.
Complete wetting in the context of the low temperature two-dimensional Ising model is characterized by creation of a mesoscopic size layer of the "-" phase above an active substrate. Adding a small positive magnetic field h makes "-"-phase unstable, and the layer becomes only microscopically thick. Critical prewetting corresponds to a continuous divergence of this layer as h tends to zero. There is a conjectured 1/3 (diffusive) scaling leading ...

## Multi angle  A 2d growth model in the anisotropic KPZ class Toninelli, Fabio (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

Dimer models provide natural models of (2+1)-dimensional random discrete interfaces and of stochastic interface dynamics. I will discuss two examples of such dynamics, a reversible one and a driven one (growth process). In both cases we can prove the convergence of the stochastic interface evolution to a deterministic PDE after suitable (diffusive or hyperbolic respectively in the two cases) space-time rescaling.
Based on joint work with B. Laslier and M. Legras.
Dimer models provide natural models of (2+1)-dimensional random discrete interfaces and of stochastic interface dynamics. I will discuss two examples of such dynamics, a reversible one and a driven one (growth process). In both cases we can prove the convergence of the stochastic interface evolution to a deterministic PDE after suitable (diffusive or hyperbolic respectively in the two cases) space-time rescaling.
Based on joint work with B. ...

## Multi angle  Multi-time distribution of periodic TASEP Baik, Jinho (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

We consider periodic TASEP with periodic step initial condition, and evaluate the joint distribution of the locations of m particles. For arbitrary indices and times, we find a formula for the multi-time, multi-space joint distribution in terms of an integral of a Fredholm determinant. We then discuss the large time limit in the so-called relaxation scale. The one-point distributions for other initial conditions are also going to discussed.
Based on joint work with Zhipeng Liu (NYU).
We consider periodic TASEP with periodic step initial condition, and evaluate the joint distribution of the locations of m particles. For arbitrary indices and times, we find a formula for the multi-time, multi-space joint distribution in terms of an integral of a Fredholm determinant. We then discuss the large time limit in the so-called relaxation scale. The one-point distributions for other initial conditions are also going to discus...

## Multi angle  Random walks on dynamical percolation Sousi, Perla (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

We study the behaviour of random walk on dynamical percolation. In this model, the edges of a graph are either open or closed and refresh their status at rate $\mu$, while at the same time a random walker moves on $G$ at rate 1, but only along edges which are open. On the d-dimensional torus with side length $n$, when the bond parameter is subcritical, the mixing times for both the full system and the random walker were determined by Peres, Stauffer and Steif. I will talk about the supercritical case, which was left open, but can be analysed using evolving sets.

Joint work with Y. Peres and J. Steif.
We study the behaviour of random walk on dynamical percolation. In this model, the edges of a graph are either open or closed and refresh their status at rate $\mu$, while at the same time a random walker moves on $G$ at rate 1, but only along edges which are open. On the d-dimensional torus with side length $n$, when the bond parameter is subcritical, the mixing times for both the full system and the random walker were determined by Peres, ...

## Multi angle  Introduction to hyperbolic sigma models and Edge Reinforced Random Walk Spencer, Tom (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

This talk will introduce two statistical mechanics models on the lattice. The spins in these models have a hyperbolic symmetry. Correlations for these models can be expressed in terms of a random walk in a highly correlated random environment. In the SUSY hyperbolic case these walks are closely related to the vertex reinforced jump process and to the edge reinforced random walk. (Joint work with M. Disertori and M. Zirnbauer.)

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