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The performance of numerical algorithms, both regarding stability and complexity, can be understood in a unified way in terms of condition numbers. This requires to identify the appropriate geometric settings and to characterize condition in geometric ways.
A probabilistic analysis of numerical algorithms can be reduced to a corresponding analysis of condition numbers, which leads to fascinating problems of geometric probability and integral geometry. The most well known example is Smale's 17th problem, which asks to find a solution of a given system of n complex homogeneous polynomial equations in $n$ + 1 unknowns. This problem can be solved in average (and even smoothed) polynomial time.
In the course we will explain the concepts necessary to state and solve Smale's 17th problem. We also show how these ideas lead to new numerical algorithms for computing eigenpairs of matrices that provably run in average polynomial time. Making these algorithms more efficient or adapting them to structured settings are challenging and rewarding research problems. We intend to address some of these issues at the end of the course.
The performance of numerical algorithms, both regarding stability and complexity, can be understood in a unified way in terms of condition numbers. This requires to identify the appropriate geometric settings and to characterize condition in geometric ways.
A probabilistic analysis of numerical algorithms can be reduced to a corresponding analysis of condition numbers, which leads to fascinating problems of geometric probability and integral ...

65F35 ; 65K05 ; 68Q15 ; 15A12 ; 65F10 ; 90C51 ; 65H10

Multi angle  Krylov subspace solvers and preconditioners
Vuik, Kees (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

Multi angle  Time parallel time integration
Gander, Martin (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

Multi angle  Linear solvers for reservoir simulation
Hénon, Pascal (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

In this presentation, we will first present the main goals and principles of reservoir simulation. Then we will focus on linear systems that arise in such simulation. The main HPC challenge is to solve those systems efficiently on massively parallel computers. The specificity of those systems is that their convergence is mostly governed by the elliptic part of the equations and the linear solver needs to take advantage of it to be efficient. The reference method in reservoir simulation is CPR-AMG which usually relies on AMG to solve the quasi elliptic part of the system. We will present some works on improving AMG scalability for the reservoir linear systems (work done in collaboration with CERFACS). We will then introduce an on-going work with INRIA to take advantage of their enlarged Krylov method (EGMRES) in the CPR method. In this presentation, we will first present the main goals and principles of reservoir simulation. Then we will focus on linear systems that arise in such simulation. The main HPC challenge is to solve those systems efficiently on massively parallel computers. The specificity of those systems is that their convergence is mostly governed by the elliptic part of the equations and the linear solver needs to take advantage of it to be efficient. The ...

65F10 ; 65N22 ; 65Y05

In domain decomposition methods, most of the computational cost lies in the successive solutions of the local problems in subdomains via forward-backward substitutions and in the orthogonalization of interface search directions. All these operations are performed, in the best case, via BLAS-1 or BLAS-2 routines which are inefficient on multicore systems with hierarchical memory. A way to improve the parallel efficiency of the method consists in working with several search directions, since multiple forward-backward substitutions and reorthogonalizations involve BLAS-3 routines. In the case of a problem with several right-hand-sides, using a block Krylov method is a straightforward way to work with multiple search directions. This will be illustrated with an application in electromagnetism using FETI-2LM method. For problems with a single right-hand-side, deriving several search directions that make sense from the optimal one constructed by the Krylov method is not so easy. The recently developed S-FETI method gives a very good approach that does not only improve parallel efficiency but can also reduce the global computational cost in the case of very heterogeneous problems. In domain decomposition methods, most of the computational cost lies in the successive solutions of the local problems in subdomains via forward-backward substitutions and in the orthogonalization of interface search directions. All these operations are performed, in the best case, via BLAS-1 or BLAS-2 routines which are inefficient on multicore systems with hierarchical memory. A way to improve the parallel efficiency of the method consists in ...

65N22 ; 65N30 ; 65N55 ; 65Y05 ; 65F10

Multi angle  Algebraic multigrid and subdivision
Charina, Maria (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

Multigrid is an iterative method for solving large linear systems of equations whose Toeplitz system matrix is positive definite. One of the crucial steps of any Multigrid method is based on multivariate subdivision. We derive sufficient conditions for convergence and optimality of Multigrid in terms of trigonometric polynomials associated with the corresponding subdivision schemes.
(This is a joint work with Marco Donatelli, Lucia Romani and Valentina Turati).
Multigrid is an iterative method for solving large linear systems of equations whose Toeplitz system matrix is positive definite. One of the crucial steps of any Multigrid method is based on multivariate subdivision. We derive sufficient conditions for convergence and optimality of Multigrid in terms of trigonometric polynomials associated with the corresponding subdivision schemes.
(This is a joint work with Marco Donatelli, Lucia Romani and ...

65N55 ; 65N30 ; 65F10 ; 65F35

The performance of numerical algorithms, both regarding stability and complexity, can be understood in a unified way in terms of condition numbers. This requires to identify the appropriate geometric settings and to characterize condition in geometric ways.
A probabilistic analysis of numerical algorithms can be reduced to a corresponding analysis of condition numbers, which leads to fascinating problems of geometric probability and integral geometry. The most well known example is Smale's 17th problem, which asks to find a solution of a given system of n complex homogeneous polynomial equations in $n$ + 1 unknowns. This problem can be solved in average (and even smoothed) polynomial time.
In the course we will explain the concepts necessary to state and solve Smale's 17th problem. We also show how these ideas lead to new numerical algorithms for computing eigenpairs of matrices that provably run in average polynomial time. Making these algorithms more efficient or adapting them to structured settings are challenging and rewarding research problems. We intend to address some of these issues at the end of the course.
The performance of numerical algorithms, both regarding stability and complexity, can be understood in a unified way in terms of condition numbers. This requires to identify the appropriate geometric settings and to characterize condition in geometric ways.
A probabilistic analysis of numerical algorithms can be reduced to a corresponding analysis of condition numbers, which leads to fascinating problems of geometric probability and integral ...

65F35 ; 65K05 ; 68Q15 ; 15A12 ; 65F10 ; 90C51 ; 65H10

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