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Documents  Hennenfent, Guillaume | enregistrements trouvés : 857

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The freezing in the title refers to a property of point processes: let $\left ( X_i \right )_{i\geq 1}$ denote a point process which is locally finite and has finite maximum. For a function f continuous of compact support, define $Z_f=f\left ( X_1 \right )+f\left ( X_2 \right )+....$ We say that freezing occurs if the Laplace transform of $Z_f$ depends on f only through a shift. I will discuss this notion and its equivalence with other properties of the point process. In particular, such freezing occurs for the extremal process in branching random walks and in certain versions of the (discrete) two dimensional GFF.
Joint work with Eliran Subag
The freezing in the title refers to a property of point processes: let $\left ( X_i \right )_{i\geq 1}$ denote a point process which is locally finite and has finite maximum. For a function f continuous of compact support, define $Z_f=f\left ( X_1 \right )+f\left ( X_2 \right )+....$ We say that freezing occurs if the Laplace transform of $Z_f$ depends on f only through a shift. I will discuss this notion and its equivalence with other ...

60G55 ; 60J65 ; 60J80

In spite of enormous success of the theory of integrable systems, at least three important problems are not resolved yet or are resolved only partly. They are the following:
1. The IST in the case of arbitrary bounded initial data.
2. The statistical description of the systems integrable by the IST. Albeit, the development of the theory of integrable turbulence.
3. Integrability of the deep water equations.
These three problems will be discussed in the talk.
In spite of enormous success of the theory of integrable systems, at least three important problems are not resolved yet or are resolved only partly. They are the following:
1. The IST in the case of arbitrary bounded initial data.
2. The statistical description of the systems integrable by the IST. Albeit, the development of the theory of integrable turbulence.
3. Integrability of the deep water equations.
These three problems will be discussed ...

37K10 ; 35C07 ; 35C08 ; 35Q53 ; 35Q55 ; 76B15 ; 76Fxx

Jean-Christophe Yoccoz, né le 29 mai 1957 à Paris, est un mathématicien français, lauréat de la médaille Fields en 1994, professeur au Collège de France depuis 1996. Il est notamment connu pour ses travaux sur les systèmes dynamiques.

Post-edited  Inverse problems for fluid dynamics
Yamamoto, Masahiro (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

I discuss several types of inverse problems for fluid dynamics such as Navier-Stokes equations. I prove uniqueness and conditional stability for the formulations by Dirichlet-to-Neumann map and Carleman estimates. This is a joint work with Prof. O. Imanuvilov (Colorado State Univ.)

35R30

Classifying regular systems of first order linear ordinary equations is a classical subject going back to Poincare and Dulac. There is a gauge group whose action can be described and an integrable normal form produced. A similar problem for higher order differential equations was never addressed, perhaps because the corresponding equivalence relationship is not induced by any group action. Still one can develop a reasonable classification theory, largely parallel to the classical theory. This is a joint work with Shira Tanny from the Weizmann Institiute, see http://arxiv.org/abs/1412.7830. Classifying regular systems of first order linear ordinary equations is a classical subject going back to Poincare and Dulac. There is a gauge group whose action can be described and an integrable normal form produced. A similar problem for higher order differential equations was never addressed, perhaps because the corresponding equivalence relationship is not induced by any group action. Still one can develop a reasonable classification ...

34C20 ; 34M35

We consider "higher dimensional Teichmüller discs", by which we mean complex submanifolds of Teichmüller space that contain the Teichmüller disc joining any two of its points. We prove results in the higher dimensional setting that are opposite to the one dimensional behavior: every "higher dimensional Teichmüller disc" covers a "higher dimensional Teichmüller curve" and there are only finitely many "higher dimensional Teichmüller curves" in each moduli space. The proofs use recent results in Teichmüller dynamics, especially joint work with Eskin and Filip on the Kontsevich-Zorich cocycle. Joint work with McMullen and Mukamel as well as Eskin, McMullen and Mukamel shows that exotic examples of "higher dimensional Teichmüller discs" do exist. We consider "higher dimensional Teichmüller discs", by which we mean complex submanifolds of Teichmüller space that contain the Teichmüller disc joining any two of its points. We prove results in the higher dimensional setting that are opposite to the one dimensional behavior: every "higher dimensional Teichmüller disc" covers a "higher dimensional Teichmüller curve" and there are only finitely many "higher dimensional Teichmüller curves" in ...

30F60 ; 32G15

Birch gave an extremely efficient algorithm to compute a certain subspace of classical modular forms using the Hecke action on classes of ternary quadratic forms. We extend this method to compute all forms of non-square level using the spinor norm, and we exhibit an implementation that is very fast in practice. This is joint work with Jeffery Hein and Gonzalo Tornaria.

11E20 ; 11F11 ; 11F37 ; 11F27

De nombreux problèmes d'optimisation sont NP-complets. Nous ne connaissons pas de problème NP-complet qui admette un algorithme optimal de résolution s'exécutant en temps polynomial en la taille de l'instance (sinon P=NP serait établi), et l'intuition commune est que P =/= NP. Pour ces problèmes, la recherche de solutions optimales peut donc être prohibitive. Les algorithmes d'approximation offrent un compromis intéressant: par définition, ils s'exécutent en temps polynomial et fournissent des solutions dont la qualité est garantie. Nous introduirons la notion d'algorithme d'approximation et de schéma d'approximation en temps polynomial, et nous illustrerons ces notions sur de nombreux exemples. Nous montrerons également comment établir qu'un problème n'admet pas d'algorithme d'approximation (à moins que P=NP), ou comment établir une borne inférieure au facteur d'approximation de tout algorithme d'approximation (sauf si P=NP). De nombreux problèmes d'optimisation sont NP-complets. Nous ne connaissons pas de problème NP-complet qui admette un algorithme optimal de résolution s'exécutant en temps polynomial en la taille de l'instance (sinon P=NP serait établi), et l'intuition commune est que P =/= NP. Pour ces problèmes, la recherche de solutions optimales peut donc être prohibitive. Les algorithmes d'approximation offrent un compromis intéressant: par définition, ils ...

68W25 ; 68Q25 ; 68T20

Post-edited  Zeta functions and monodromy
Veys, Wim (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

The $p$-adic Igusa zeta function, topological and motivic zeta function are (related) invariants of a polynomial $f$, reflecting the singularities of the hypersurface $f = 0$. The first one has a number theoretical flavor and is related to counting numbers of solutions of $f = 0$ over finite rings; the other two are more geometric in nature. The monodromy conjecture relates in a mysterious way these invariants to another singularity invariant of $f$, its local monodromy. We will discuss in this survey talk rationality issues for these zeta functions and the origins of the conjecture. The $p$-adic Igusa zeta function, topological and motivic zeta function are (related) invariants of a polynomial $f$, reflecting the singularities of the hypersurface $f = 0$. The first one has a number theoretical flavor and is related to counting numbers of solutions of $f = 0$ over finite rings; the other two are more geometric in nature. The monodromy conjecture relates in a mysterious way these invariants to another singularity invariant of ...

14D05 ; 11S80 ; 11S40 ; 14E18 ; 14J17

In this lecture I will describe a framework for the Fredholm analysis of non-elliptic problems both on manifolds without boundary and manifolds with boundary, with a view towards wave propagation on Kerr-de-Sitter spaces, which is the key analytic ingredient for showing the stability of black holes (see Peter Hintz' lecture). This lecture focuses on the general setup such as microlocal ellipticity, real principal type propagation, radial points and generalizations, as well as (potentially) normally hyperbolic trapping, as well as the role of resonances. In this lecture I will describe a framework for the Fredholm analysis of non-elliptic problems both on manifolds without boundary and manifolds with boundary, with a view towards wave propagation on Kerr-de-Sitter spaces, which is the key analytic ingredient for showing the stability of black holes (see Peter Hintz' lecture). This lecture focuses on the general setup such as microlocal ellipticity, real principal type propagation, radial points ...

35A21 ; 35A27 ; 35B34 ; 35B40 ; 58J40 ; 58J47 ; 83C35 ; 83C57

I present a joint work with S. Popa and D. Shlyakhtenko introducing a cohomology theory for quasi-regular inclusions of von Neumann algebras. In particular, we define $L^2$-cohomology and $L^2$-Betti numbers for such inclusions. Applying this to the symmetric enveloping inclusion of a finite index subfactor, we get a cohomology theory and a definition of $L^2$-Betti numbers for finite index subfactors, as well as for arbitrary rigid $C^*$-tensor categories. For the inclusion of a Cartan subalgebra in a $II_1$ factor, we recover Gaboriau's $L^2$-Betti numbers for equivalence relations. I present a joint work with S. Popa and D. Shlyakhtenko introducing a cohomology theory for quasi-regular inclusions of von Neumann algebras. In particular, we define $L^2$-cohomology and $L^2$-Betti numbers for such inclusions. Applying this to the symmetric enveloping inclusion of a finite index subfactor, we get a cohomology theory and a definition of $L^2$-Betti numbers for finite index subfactors, as well as for arbitrary rigid $C^*$-tensor ...

46L37 ; 46L10

There are already too many introductory articles on Khovanov homology and certainly another is not needed. On the other hand by now - 15 years after the invention of subject - it is quite easy to get lost after having taken those first few steps. What could be useful is a rough guide to some of the developments over that time and the summer school Quantum Topology at the CIRM in Luminy has provided the ideal opportunity for thinking about what such a guide should look like.
It is quite a risky undertaking because it is all too easy to offend by omission, misrepresentation or other. I have not attempted a complete literature survey and inevitably these notes reflects my personal view, jaundiced as it may often be. My apologies for any offence caused.
I would like to express my warm thanks to Lukas Lewark, Alex Shumakovitch, Liam Watson and Ben Webster.
There are already too many introductory articles on Khovanov homology and certainly another is not needed. On the other hand by now - 15 years after the invention of subject - it is quite easy to get lost after having taken those first few steps. What could be useful is a rough guide to some of the developments over that time and the summer school Quantum Topology at the CIRM in Luminy has provided the ideal opportunity for thinking about what ...

57M25 ; 57M27

The momentum transport in a fusion device such as a tokamak has been in a scope of the interest during last decade. Indeed, it is tightly related to the plasma rotation and therefore its stabilization, which in its turn is essential for the confinement improvement. The intrinsic rotation, i.e. the part of the rotation occurring without any external torque is one of the possible sources of plasma stabilization.
The modern gyrokinetic theory [3] is an ubiquitous theoretical framework for lowfrequency fusion plasma description. In this work we are using the field theory formulation of the modern gyrokinetics [1]. The main attention is focussed on derivation of the momentum conservation law via the Noether method, which allows to connect symmetries of the system with conserved quantities by means of the infinitesimal space-time translations and rotations.
Such an approach allows to consistently keep the gyrokinetic dynamical reduction effects into account and therefore leads towards a complete momentum transport equation.
Elucidating the role of the gyrokinetic polarization is one of the main results of this work. We show that the terms resulting from each step of the dynamical reduction (guiding-center and gyrocenter) should be consistently taken into account in order to establish physical meaning of the transported quantity. The present work [2] generalizes previous result obtained in [4] by taking into the account purely geometrical contributions into the radial polarization.
The momentum transport in a fusion device such as a tokamak has been in a scope of the interest during last decade. Indeed, it is tightly related to the plasma rotation and therefore its stabilization, which in its turn is essential for the confinement improvement. The intrinsic rotation, i.e. the part of the rotation occurring without any external torque is one of the possible sources of plasma stabilization.
The modern gyrokinetic theory [3] ...

82D10 ; 82C40 ; 35L65 ; 35Q83 ; 70S10

Everything is under control: mathematics optimize everyday life.
In an empirical way we are able to do many things with more or less efficiency or success. When one wants to achieve a parallel parking, consequences may sometimes be ridiculous... But when one wants to launch a rocket or plan interplanetary missions, better is to be sure of what we do.
Control theory is a branch of mathematics that allows to control, optimize and guide systems on which one can act by means of a control, like for example a car, a robot, a space shuttle, a chemical reaction or in more general a process that one aims at steering to some desired target state.
Emmanuel Trélat will overview the range of applications of that theory through several examples, sometimes funny, but also historical. He will show you that the study of simple cases of our everyday life, far from insignificant, allow to approach problems like the orbit transfer or interplanetary mission design.
control theory - optimal control - stabilization - optimization - aerospace - Lagrange points - dynamical systems - mission design
Everything is under control: mathematics optimize everyday life.
In an empirical way we are able to do many things with more or less efficiency or success. When one wants to achieve a parallel parking, consequences may sometimes be ridiculous... But when one wants to launch a rocket or plan interplanetary missions, better is to be sure of what we do.
Control theory is a branch of mathematics that allows to control, optimize and guide systems on ...

49J15 ; 93B40 ; 93B27 ; 93B50 ; 65H20 ; 90C31 ; 37N05 ; 37N35

We consider the one-particle Schrödinger operator in two dimensions with a periodic potential and a strong constant magnetic field perturbed by slowly varying non-periodic scalar and vector potentials, $\phi(\varepsilon x)$ and $A(\varepsilon x)$ , for $\epsilon\ll 1$ . For each isolated family of magnetic Bloch bands we derive an effective Hamiltonian that is unitarily equivalent to the restriction of the Schrödinger operator to a corresponding almost invariant subspace. At leading order, our effective Hamiltonian can be interpreted as the Peierls substitution Hamiltonian widely used in physics for non-magnetic Bloch bands. However, while for non-magnetic Bloch bands the corresponding result is well understood, both on a heuristic and on a rigorous level, for magnetic Bloch bands it is not clear how to even define a Peierls substitution Hamiltonian beyond a formal expression. The source of the difficulty is a topological obstruction: In contrast to the non-magnetic case, magnetic Bloch bundles are generically not trivializable. As a consequence, Peierls substitution Hamiltonians for magnetic Bloch bands turn out to be pseudodifferential operators acting on sections of non-trivial vector bundles over a two-torus, the reduced Brillouin zone. As an application of our results we construct a family of canonical one-band Hamiltonians $H_{\theta=0}$ for magnetic Bloch bands with Chern number $\theta\in\mathbb{Z}$ that generalizes the Hofstadter model $H_{\theta=0}$ for a single non-magnetic Bloch band. It turns out that the spectrum of $H_\theta$ is independent of $\theta$ and thus agrees with the Hofstadter spectrum depicted in his famous (black and white) butterfly. However, the resulting Chern numbers of subbands, corresponding to Hall conductivities, depend on $\theta$ , and thus the models lead to different colored butterflies.
This is joint work with Silvia Freund.
We consider the one-particle Schrödinger operator in two dimensions with a periodic potential and a strong constant magnetic field perturbed by slowly varying non-periodic scalar and vector potentials, $\phi(\varepsilon x)$ and $A(\varepsilon x)$ , for $\epsilon\ll 1$ . For each isolated family of magnetic Bloch bands we derive an effective Hamiltonian that is unitarily equivalent to the restriction of the Schrödinger operator to a co...

81Q20 ; 81V10 ; 82D20

Erdös and Sárközy asked the maximum size of a subset of the first $N$ integers with no two elements adding up to a perfect square. In this talk we prove that the tight answer is $\frac{11}{32}N$ for sufficiently large $N$. We are going to prove some stability results also. This is joint work with Simao Herdade and Ayman Khalfallah.

05A18 ; 11B75

Endre Szemerédi (born August 21, 1940) is a Hungarian-American mathematician, working in the field of combinatorics and theoretical computer science. He has been the State of New Jersey Professor of computer science at Rutgers University since 1986. Szemerédi has won prizes in mathematics and science, including the Abel Prize in 2012. He has made a number of discoveries in combinatorics and computer science, including Szemerédi's theorem, the Szemerédi regularity lemma, the Erdös-Szemeredi theorem, the Hajnal-Szemerédi theorem and the Szemerédi-Trotter theorem. Endre Szemerédi (born August 21, 1940) is a Hungarian-American mathematician, working in the field of combinatorics and theoretical computer science. He has been the State of New Jersey Professor of computer science at Rutgers University since 1986. Szemerédi has won prizes in mathematics and science, including the Abel Prize in 2012. He has made a number of discoveries in combinatorics and computer science, including Szemerédi's theorem, the ...

Post-edited  An introduction to molecular dynamics
Stoltz, Gabriel (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

The aim of this two-hour lecture is to present the mathematical underpinnings of some common numerical approaches to compute average properties as predicted by statistical physics. The first part provides an overview of the most important concepts of statistical physics (in particular thermodynamic ensembles). The aim of the second part is to provide an introduction to the practical computation of averages with respect to the Boltzmann-Gibbs measure using appropriate stochastic dynamics of Langevin type. Rigorous ergodicity results as well as elements on the estimation of numerical errors are provided. The last part is devoted to the computation of transport coefficients such as the mobility or autodiffusion in fluids, relying either on integrated equilibrium correlations à la Green-Kubo, or on the linear response of nonequilibrium dynamics in their steady-states. The aim of this two-hour lecture is to present the mathematical underpinnings of some common numerical approaches to compute average properties as predicted by statistical physics. The first part provides an overview of the most important concepts of statistical physics (in particular thermodynamic ensembles). The aim of the second part is to provide an introduction to the practical computation of averages with respect to the Boltzmann-Gibbs ...

82B31 ; 82B80 ; 65C30 ; 82C31 ; 82C70 ; 60H10

Post-edited  A refinement of the abc conjecture
Stewart, Cameron L. (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

We shall discuss joint work with Robert and Tenenbaum on a proposed refinement of the well known abc conjecture.

11N25 ; 11Dxx ; 11N56

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