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H 1 Bottlenecks and rewards - adding fuel to the fire

Auteurs : Seyfried, Armin (Auteur de la Conférence)
CIRM (Editeur )

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    Résumé : The talk summarize the empirical state of knowledge on bottleneck flow and introduces an approach to describe crowd disasters. The approach combines quantities well known in natural sciences with concepts of social psychology. It allows to describe crowds at bottlenecks in case of exceptional (life-threatening) or normal circumstances.
    On the basis of empirical data, the influence of the spatial structure of the boundaries (width and length of the bottleneck) and the motivation of pedestrians on flow and density will be presented. The phenomenon of clogging and its effects on the flow will be discussed in connection with congestion, rewards, motivation and pushing. Positive effects of pillars in front of bottlenecks are critically questioned by recent experiments. Results of two experiments including questionnaire studies connect flow and density with factors of social psychology like rewards, social norms, expectations or fairness.

    Keywords : crowds; botlleneck; flow; clogging

    Codes MSC :
    35L65 - Conservation laws
    90B20 - Traffic problems
    91D10 - Models of societies, social and urban evolution

    Ressources complémentaires :

      Informations sur la Vidéo

      Réalisateur : Hennenfent, Guillaume
      Langue : Anglais
      Date de publication : 25/06/2019
      Date de captation : 03/06/2019
      Collection : Research talks ; Mathematical Physics ; Mathematics in Science and Technology
      Format : MP4
      Durée : 00:45:05
      Domaine : Mathematical Physics ; Mathematics in Science & Technology
      Audience : Chercheurs ; Doctorants , Post - Doctorants
      Download : https://videos.cirm-math.fr/2019-06-03_Seyfried.mp4

    Informations sur la rencontre

    Nom de la rencontre : Foules : modèles et commande / Crowds: Models and Control
    Organisateurs de la rencontre : Giua, Alessandro ; Morancey, Morgan ; Piccoli, Benedetto ; Rossi, Francesco ; Wolfram, Marie-Thérèse
    Dates : 03/06/2019 - 07/06/2019
    Année de la rencontre : 2019
    URL Congrès : https://conferences.cirm-math.fr/1927.html

    Citation Data

    DOI : 10.24350/CIRM.V.19535103
    Cite this video as: Seyfried, Armin (2019). Bottlenecks and rewards - adding fuel to the fire. CIRM. Audiovisual resource. doi:10.24350/CIRM.V.19535103
    URI : http://dx.doi.org/10.24350/CIRM.V.19535103

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