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H 2 Were the foundations of measurement without theory laid in the 1920s?

Auteurs : Pradier, Pierre-Charles (Auteur de la Conférence)
CIRM (Editeur )

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refutationism verificationism statistical testing classical mechanics scientific metaphor Lindeberg’s condition Methodenstreit

Résumé : In his 1947 essay, Tjalling Koopmans criticized the development of an empirical science that had no theoretical basis, what he referred to as measurement without theory. The controversy over the status of relations based on mere statistical inference has not ceased since then. Instead of looking for the contemporary consequences, however, I will inquire into its early beginnings. As early as the 1900s, Walras, Pareto and Juglar exchanged views on the status of theory and its relation to economic data. These private exchanges acquired the status of scientific controversy in the aftermath of the First World War, with the dissemination of Pareto’s work. It is precisely this moment that I will try to grasp, when engineers began to read and write pure economic treatises, questioning the relation between theory and empirical problems, the nature of their project and the expectations that the subsequent development of economics has tried to fulfill.

Cournot Centre session devoted to the transformations that took place in mathematical economics during the interwar period.

Keywords : mathematical statistics; business cycle

Codes MSC :
01A60 - Mathematics in the 20th century
62P20 - Applications of statistics to economics
91BXX - Mathematical economics

Ressources complémentaires :

    Informations sur la Vidéo

    Réalisateur : Hennenfent, Guillaume
    Langue : Français
    Date de publication : 22/11/2018
    Date de captation : 14/11/2018
    Collection : Research talks
    Format : MP4 (.mp4) - HD
    Durée : 00:32:06
    Domaine : Probability & Statistics ; Mathematics in Science & Technology ; History of Mathematics
    Audience : Chercheurs ; Doctorants , Post - Doctorants
    Download : https://videos.cirm-math.fr/2018-11-14_Pradier.mp4

Informations sur la rencontre

Nom de la rencontre : Mathematical communities in the reconstruction after the Great War (1918-1928) / Les communautés mathématiques dans la reconstruction de l'après-guerre (1918-1928)
Organisateurs de la rencontre : Archibald, Thomas ; Guerraggio, Angelo ; Mazliak, Laurent ; Tazzioli, Rossana
Dates : 12/11/2018 - 16/11/2018
Année de la rencontre : 2018
URL Congrès : https://conferences.cirm-math.fr/1850.html

Citation Data

DOI : 10.24350/CIRM.V.19475503
Cite this video as: Pradier, Pierre-Charles (2018). Were the foundations of measurement without theory laid in the 1920s?. CIRM. Audiovisual resource. doi:10.24350/CIRM.V.19475503
URI : http://dx.doi.org/10.24350/CIRM.V.19475503

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