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Documents  11D41 | enregistrements trouvés : 12

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The assertions made by L. J. Mordell in his paper in Acta Mathematica 44(1952) are discussed. Mordell had been to a certain extent anticipated by E. Jacobsthal (1939).
backward induction - congruence - equation - non-zero coefficients - polynomials

11D09 ; 11D25 ; 11D41

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* The early results of Ramsey theory :
Hilbert's irreducibility theorem, Dickson-Schur work on Fermat's equation over finite fields, van der Waerden's theorem, Ramsey's theoremand its rediscovery by Erdos and Szekeres.

* Three main principles of Ramsey theory :
First principle: Complete disorder is impossible. Second principle: Behind every 'Partition' result there is a notion of largeness which is responsible for a 'Density' enhancement of this result. Third principle: The sought-after configurations which are always to be found in large sets are abundant.

* Furstenberg's Dynamical approach :
Partition Ramsey theory and topological dynamics Dynamical versions of van der Waerden's theorem, Hindman's theorem and Graham-Rothschild-Spencer's geometric Ramsey.
Density Ramsey theory and Furstenberg's correspondence principle Furstenberg's correspondence principle. Ergodic Szemeredi's theorem. Polynomial Szemeredi theorem. Density version of the Hales-Jewett theorem.

* Stone-Cech compactifications and Hindman's theorem :
Topological algebra in Stone-Cech compactifications. Proof of Hind-man's theorem via Poincare recurrence theorem for ultrafilters.

* IP sets and ergodic Ramsey theory :
Applications of IP sets and idempotent ultrafilters to ergodic-theoretical multiple recurrence and to density Ramsey theory. IP-polynomial Szemeredi theorem.

* Open problems and conjectures

If time permits:
* The nilpotent connection,
* Ergodic Ramsey theory and amenable groups
* The early results of Ramsey theory :
Hilbert's irreducibility theorem, Dickson-Schur work on Fermat's equation over finite fields, van der Waerden's theorem, Ramsey's theoremand its rediscovery by Erdos and Szekeres.

* Three main principles of Ramsey theory :
First principle: Complete disorder is impossible. Second principle: Behind every 'Partition' result there is a notion of largeness which is responsible for a 'Density' enhancement of ...

05D10 ; 37Axx ; 12D10 ; 11D41 ; 54D80 ; 37B20

Déposez votre fichier ici pour le déplacer vers cet enregistrement.

* The early results of Ramsey theory :
Hilbert's irreducibility theorem, Dickson-Schur work on Fermat's equation over finite fields, van der Waerden's theorem, Ramsey's theoremand its rediscovery by Erdos and Szekeres.

* Three main principles of Ramsey theory :
First principle: Complete disorder is impossible. Second principle: Behind every 'Partition' result there is a notion of largeness which is responsible for a 'Density' enhancement of this result. Third principle: The sought-after configurations which are always to be found in large sets are abundant.

* Furstenberg's Dynamical approach :
Partition Ramsey theory and topological dynamics Dynamical versions of van der Waerden's theorem, Hindman's theorem and Graham-Rothschild-Spencer's geometric Ramsey.
Density Ramsey theory and Furstenberg's correspondence principle Furstenberg's correspondence principle. Ergodic Szemeredi's theorem. Polynomial Szemeredi theorem. Density version of the Hales-Jewett theorem.

* Stone-Cech compactifications and Hindman's theorem :
Topological algebra in Stone-Cech compactifications. Proof of Hind-man's theorem via Poincare recurrence theorem for ultrafilters.

* IP sets and ergodic Ramsey theory :
Applications of IP sets and idempotent ultrafilters to ergodic-theoretical multiple recurrence and to density Ramsey theory. IP-polynomial Szemeredi theorem.

* Open problems and conjectures

If time permits:
* The nilpotent connection,
* Ergodic Ramsey theory and amenable groups
* The early results of Ramsey theory :
Hilbert's irreducibility theorem, Dickson-Schur work on Fermat's equation over finite fields, van der Waerden's theorem, Ramsey's theoremand its rediscovery by Erdos and Szekeres.

* Three main principles of Ramsey theory :
First principle: Complete disorder is impossible. Second principle: Behind every 'Partition' result there is a notion of largeness which is responsible for a 'Density' enhancement of ...

05D10 ; 37Axx ; 12D10 ; 11D41 ; 54D80 ; 37B20

Déposez votre fichier ici pour le déplacer vers cet enregistrement.

* The early results of Ramsey theory :
Hilbert's irreducibility theorem, Dickson-Schur work on Fermat's equation over finite fields, van der Waerden's theorem, Ramsey's theoremand its rediscovery by Erdos and Szekeres.

* Three main principles of Ramsey theory :
First principle: Complete disorder is impossible. Second principle: Behind every 'Partition' result there is a notion of largeness which is responsible for a 'Density' enhancement of this result. Third principle: The sought-after configurations which are always to be found in large sets are abundant.

* Furstenberg's Dynamical approach :
Partition Ramsey theory and topological dynamics Dynamical versions of van der Waerden's theorem, Hindman's theorem and Graham-Rothschild-Spencer's geometric Ramsey.
Density Ramsey theory and Furstenberg's correspondence principle Furstenberg's correspondence principle. Ergodic Szemeredi's theorem. Polynomial Szemeredi theorem. Density version of the Hales-Jewett theorem.

* Stone-Cech compactifications and Hindman's theorem :
Topological algebra in Stone-Cech compactifications. Proof of Hind-man's theorem via Poincare recurrence theorem for ultrafilters.

* IP sets and ergodic Ramsey theory :
Applications of IP sets and idempotent ultrafilters to ergodic-theoretical multiple recurrence and to density Ramsey theory. IP-polynomial Szemeredi theorem.

* Open problems and conjectures

If time permits:
* The nilpotent connection,
* Ergodic Ramsey theory and amenable groups
* The early results of Ramsey theory :
Hilbert's irreducibility theorem, Dickson-Schur work on Fermat's equation over finite fields, van der Waerden's theorem, Ramsey's theoremand its rediscovery by Erdos and Szekeres.

* Three main principles of Ramsey theory :
First principle: Complete disorder is impossible. Second principle: Behind every 'Partition' result there is a notion of largeness which is responsible for a 'Density' enhancement of ...

05D10 ; 37Axx ; 12D10 ; 11D41 ; 54D80 ; 37B20

Déposez votre fichier ici pour le déplacer vers cet enregistrement.

* The early results of Ramsey theory :
Hilbert's irreducibility theorem, Dickson-Schur work on Fermat's equation over finite fields, van der Waerden's theorem, Ramsey's theoremand its rediscovery by Erdos and Szekeres.

* Three main principles of Ramsey theory :
First principle: Complete disorder is impossible. Second principle: Behind every 'Partition' result there is a notion of largeness which is responsible for a 'Density' enhancement of this result. Third principle: The sought-after configurations which are always to be found in large sets are abundant.

* Furstenberg's Dynamical approach :
Partition Ramsey theory and topological dynamics Dynamical versions of van der Waerden's theorem, Hindman's theorem and Graham-Rothschild-Spencer's geometric Ramsey.
Density Ramsey theory and Furstenberg's correspondence principle Furstenberg's correspondence principle. Ergodic Szemeredi's theorem. Polynomial Szemeredi theorem. Density version of the Hales-Jewett theorem.

* Stone-Cech compactifications and Hindman's theorem :
Topological algebra in Stone-Cech compactifications. Proof of Hind-man's theorem via Poincare recurrence theorem for ultrafilters.

* IP sets and ergodic Ramsey theory :
Applications of IP sets and idempotent ultrafilters to ergodic-theoretical multiple recurrence and to density Ramsey theory. IP-polynomial Szemeredi theorem.

* Open problems and conjectures

If time permits:
* The nilpotent connection,
* Ergodic Ramsey theory and amenable groups
* The early results of Ramsey theory :
Hilbert's irreducibility theorem, Dickson-Schur work on Fermat's equation over finite fields, van der Waerden's theorem, Ramsey's theoremand its rediscovery by Erdos and Szekeres.

* Three main principles of Ramsey theory :
First principle: Complete disorder is impossible. Second principle: Behind every 'Partition' result there is a notion of largeness which is responsible for a 'Density' enhancement of ...

05D10 ; 37Axx ; 12D10 ; 11D41 ; 54D80 ; 37B20

Déposez votre fichier ici pour le déplacer vers cet enregistrement.

* The early results of Ramsey theory :
Hilbert's irreducibility theorem, Dickson-Schur work on Fermat's equation over finite fields, van der Waerden's theorem, Ramsey's theoremand its rediscovery by Erdos and Szekeres.

* Three main principles of Ramsey theory :
First principle: Complete disorder is impossible. Second principle: Behind every 'Partition' result there is a notion of largeness which is responsible for a 'Density' enhancement of this result. Third principle: The sought-after configurations which are always to be found in large sets are abundant.

* Furstenberg's Dynamical approach :
Partition Ramsey theory and topological dynamics Dynamical versions of van der Waerden's theorem, Hindman's theorem and Graham-Rothschild-Spencer's geometric Ramsey.
Density Ramsey theory and Furstenberg's correspondence principle Furstenberg's correspondence principle. Ergodic Szemeredi's theorem. Polynomial Szemeredi theorem. Density version of the Hales-Jewett theorem.

* Stone-Cech compactifications and Hindman's theorem :
Topological algebra in Stone-Cech compactifications. Proof of Hind-man's theorem via Poincare recurrence theorem for ultrafilters.

* IP sets and ergodic Ramsey theory :
Applications of IP sets and idempotent ultrafilters to ergodic-theoretical multiple recurrence and to density Ramsey theory. IP-polynomial Szemeredi theorem.

* Open problems and conjectures

If time permits:
* The nilpotent connection,
* Ergodic Ramsey theory and amenable groups
* The early results of Ramsey theory :
Hilbert's irreducibility theorem, Dickson-Schur work on Fermat's equation over finite fields, van der Waerden's theorem, Ramsey's theoremand its rediscovery by Erdos and Szekeres.

* Three main principles of Ramsey theory :
First principle: Complete disorder is impossible. Second principle: Behind every 'Partition' result there is a notion of largeness which is responsible for a 'Density' enhancement of ...

05D10 ; 37Axx ; 12D10 ; 11D41 ; 54D80 ; 37B20

Déposez votre fichier ici pour le déplacer vers cet enregistrement.

* The early results of Ramsey theory :
Hilbert's irreducibility theorem, Dickson-Schur work on Fermat's equation over finite fields, van der Waerden's theorem, Ramsey's theoremand its rediscovery by Erdos and Szekeres.

* Three main principles of Ramsey theory :
First principle: Complete disorder is impossible. Second principle: Behind every 'Partition' result there is a notion of largeness which is responsible for a 'Density' enhancement of this result. Third principle: The sought-after configurations which are always to be found in large sets are abundant.

* Furstenberg's Dynamical approach :
Partition Ramsey theory and topological dynamics Dynamical versions of van der Waerden's theorem, Hindman's theorem and Graham-Rothschild-Spencer's geometric Ramsey.
Density Ramsey theory and Furstenberg's correspondence principle Furstenberg's correspondence principle. Ergodic Szemeredi's theorem. Polynomial Szemeredi theorem. Density version of the Hales-Jewett theorem.

* Stone-Cech compactifications and Hindman's theorem :
Topological algebra in Stone-Cech compactifications. Proof of Hind-man's theorem via Poincare recurrence theorem for ultrafilters.

* IP sets and ergodic Ramsey theory :
Applications of IP sets and idempotent ultrafilters to ergodic-theoretical multiple recurrence and to density Ramsey theory. IP-polynomial Szemeredi theorem.

* Open problems and conjectures

If time permits:
* The nilpotent connection,
* Ergodic Ramsey theory and amenable groups
* The early results of Ramsey theory :
Hilbert's irreducibility theorem, Dickson-Schur work on Fermat's equation over finite fields, van der Waerden's theorem, Ramsey's theoremand its rediscovery by Erdos and Szekeres.

* Three main principles of Ramsey theory :
First principle: Complete disorder is impossible. Second principle: Behind every 'Partition' result there is a notion of largeness which is responsible for a 'Density' enhancement of ...

05D10 ; 37Axx ; 12D10 ; 11D41 ; 54D80 ; 37B20

Déposez votre fichier ici pour le déplacer vers cet enregistrement.

* The early results of Ramsey theory :
Hilbert's irreducibility theorem, Dickson-Schur work on Fermat's equation over finite fields, van der Waerden's theorem, Ramsey's theoremand its rediscovery by Erdos and Szekeres.

* Three main principles of Ramsey theory :
First principle: Complete disorder is impossible. Second principle: Behind every 'Partition' result there is a notion of largeness which is responsible for a 'Density' enhancement of this result. Third principle: The sought-after configurations which are always to be found in large sets are abundant.

* Furstenberg's Dynamical approach :
Partition Ramsey theory and topological dynamics Dynamical versions of van der Waerden's theorem, Hindman's theorem and Graham-Rothschild-Spencer's geometric Ramsey.
Density Ramsey theory and Furstenberg's correspondence principle Furstenberg's correspondence principle. Ergodic Szemeredi's theorem. Polynomial Szemeredi theorem. Density version of the Hales-Jewett theorem.

* Stone-Cech compactifications and Hindman's theorem :
Topological algebra in Stone-Cech compactifications. Proof of Hind-man's theorem via Poincare recurrence theorem for ultrafilters.

* IP sets and ergodic Ramsey theory :
Applications of IP sets and idempotent ultrafilters to ergodic-theoretical multiple recurrence and to density Ramsey theory. IP-polynomial Szemeredi theorem.

* Open problems and conjectures

If time permits:
* The nilpotent connection,
* Ergodic Ramsey theory and amenable groups
* The early results of Ramsey theory :
Hilbert's irreducibility theorem, Dickson-Schur work on Fermat's equation over finite fields, van der Waerden's theorem, Ramsey's theoremand its rediscovery by Erdos and Szekeres.

* Three main principles of Ramsey theory :
First principle: Complete disorder is impossible. Second principle: Behind every 'Partition' result there is a notion of largeness which is responsible for a 'Density' enhancement of ...

05D10 ; 37Axx ; 12D10 ; 11D41 ; 54D80 ; 37B20

Déposez votre fichier ici pour le déplacer vers cet enregistrement.

* The early results of Ramsey theory :
Hilbert's irreducibility theorem, Dickson-Schur work on Fermat's equation over finite fields, van der Waerden's theorem, Ramsey's theoremand its rediscovery by Erdos and Szekeres.

* Three main principles of Ramsey theory :
First principle: Complete disorder is impossible. Second principle: Behind every 'Partition' result there is a notion of largeness which is responsible for a 'Density' enhancement of this result. Third principle: The sought-after configurations which are always to be found in large sets are abundant.

* Furstenberg's Dynamical approach :
Partition Ramsey theory and topological dynamics Dynamical versions of van der Waerden's theorem, Hindman's theorem and Graham-Rothschild-Spencer's geometric Ramsey.
Density Ramsey theory and Furstenberg's correspondence principle Furstenberg's correspondence principle. Ergodic Szemeredi's theorem. Polynomial Szemeredi theorem. Density version of the Hales-Jewett theorem.

* Stone-Cech compactifications and Hindman's theorem :
Topological algebra in Stone-Cech compactifications. Proof of Hind-man's theorem via Poincare recurrence theorem for ultrafilters.

* IP sets and ergodic Ramsey theory :
Applications of IP sets and idempotent ultrafilters to ergodic-theoretical multiple recurrence and to density Ramsey theory. IP-polynomial Szemeredi theorem.

* Open problems and conjectures

If time permits:
* The nilpotent connection,
* Ergodic Ramsey theory and amenable groups
* The early results of Ramsey theory :
Hilbert's irreducibility theorem, Dickson-Schur work on Fermat's equation over finite fields, van der Waerden's theorem, Ramsey's theoremand its rediscovery by Erdos and Szekeres.

* Three main principles of Ramsey theory :
First principle: Complete disorder is impossible. Second principle: Behind every 'Partition' result there is a notion of largeness which is responsible for a 'Density' enhancement of ...

05D10 ; 37Axx ; 12D10 ; 11D41 ; 54D80 ; 37B20

Déposez votre fichier ici pour le déplacer vers cet enregistrement.

Exponential Diophantine equations, say of the form (1) $u_{1}+...+u_{k}=b$ where the $u_{i}$ are exponential terms with fixed integer bases and unknown exponents and b is a fixed integer, play a central role in the theory of Diophantine equations, with several applications of many types. However, we can bound the solutions only in case of k = 2 (by results of Gyory and others, based upon Baker’s method), for k > 2 only the number of so-called non-degenerate solutions can be bounded (by the Thue-Siegel-Roth-Schmidt method; see also results of Evertse and others). In particular, there is a big need for a method which is capable to solve (1) completely in concrete cases.
Skolem’s conjecture (roughly) says that if (1) has no solutions, then it has no solutions modulo m with some m. In the talk we present a new method which relies on the principle behind the conjecture, and which (at least in principle) is capable to solve equations of type (1), for any value of k. We give several applications, as well. Then we provide results towards the solution of Skolem’s conjecture. First we show that in certain sense it is ’almost always’ valid. Then we provide a proof for the conjecture in some cases with k = 2, 3. (The handled cases include Catalan’s equation and Fermat’s equation, too - the precise connection will be explained in the talk). Note that previously Skolem’s conjecture was proved only for k = 1, by Schinzel.
The new results presented are (partly) joint with Bertok, Berczes, Luca, Tijdeman.
Exponential Diophantine equations, say of the form (1) $u_{1}+...+u_{k}=b$ where the $u_{i}$ are exponential terms with fixed integer bases and unknown exponents and b is a fixed integer, play a central role in the theory of Diophantine equations, with several applications of many types. However, we can bound the solutions only in case of k = 2 (by results of Gyory and others, based upon Baker’s method), for k > 2 only the number of so-called ...

11D41 ; 11D61 ; 11D79

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A Diophantine equation has separated variables if it is of the form $ f(x) = g(y)$ for polynomials $f$, $g$. In a more general sense the degree of $f $ and $g$ may also be a variable.In the present talk various results for special types of the polynomials $f$ and $g$ will be presented. The types of the considered polynomials contain power sums, sums of products of consecutive integers, Komornik polynomials, perfect powers. Results on $F$-Diophantine sets, which are proved using results on Diophantine equations in separated variables will also be considered. The main tool for the proof of the presented general qualitative results is the famous Bilu-Tichy Theorem. Further, effective results (which depend on Baker’s method) and results containing the complete solutions to special cases of these equations will also be included.
A Diophantine equation has separated variables if it is of the form $ f(x) = g(y)$ for polynomials $f$, $g$. In a more general sense the degree of $f $ and $g$ may also be a variable.In the present talk various results for special types of the polynomials $f$ and $g$ will be presented. The types of the considered polynomials contain power sums, sums of products of consecutive integers, Komornik polynomials, perfect powers. Results on $F...

11D41 ; 11C08

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For any fixed coprime positive integers a, b and c with min{a, b, c} > 1, we prove that the equation $a^{x}+b^{y}=c^{z}$ has at most two solutions in positive integers x, y and z, except for one specific case which exactly gives three solutions. Our result is essentially sharp in the sense that there are infinitely many examples allowing the equation to have two solutions in positive integers. From the viewpoint of a well-known generalization of Fermat’s equation, it is also regarded as a 3-variable generalization of the celebrated theorem of Bennett [M.A.Bennett, On some exponential equations of S.S.Pillai, Canad. J. Math. 53(2001), no.2, 897-922] which asserts that Pillai’s type equation $a^{x}-b^{y}=c$ has at most two solutions in positive integers x and y for any fixed positive integers a, b and c with min {a, b} > 1. In this talk we give a brief summary of corresponding earlier results and present the main improvements leading to this definitive result. This is a joint work with T. Miyazaki.
For any fixed coprime positive integers a, b and c with min{a, b, c} > 1, we prove that the equation $a^{x}+b^{y}=c^{z}$ has at most two solutions in positive integers x, y and z, except for one specific case which exactly gives three solutions. Our result is essentially sharp in the sense that there are infinitely many examples allowing the equation to have two solutions in positive integers. From the viewpoint of a well-known generalization of ...

11D61 ; 11D41 ; 11D45

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