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Post-edited  Avoiding Jacobians
Masser, David (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

It is classical that, for example, there is a simple abelian variety of dimension $4$ which is not the jacobian of any curve of genus $4$, and it is not hard to see that there is one defined over the field of all algebraic numbers $\overline{\bf Q}$. In $2012$ Chai and Oort asked if there is a simple abelian fourfold, defined over $\overline{\bf Q}$, which is not even isogenous to any jacobian. In the same year Tsimerman answered ''yes''. Recently Zannier and I have done this over the rationals $\bf Q$, and with ''yes, almost all''. In my talk I will explain ''almost all'' the concepts involved.
It is classical that, for example, there is a simple abelian variety of dimension $4$ which is not the jacobian of any curve of genus $4$, and it is not hard to see that there is one defined over the field of all algebraic numbers $\overline{\bf Q}$. In $2012$ Chai and Oort asked if there is a simple abelian fourfold, defined over $\overline{\bf Q}$, which is not even isogenous to any jacobian. In the same year Tsimerman answered ''yes''. ...

14H40 ; 14K02 ; 14K15 ; 11G10

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(joint work with Peter Scholze) In our joint work with Scholze we need to give a meaning to statements like "the stack of principal G-bundles on the curve is smooth of dimension 0" and construct "smooth perfectoid charts on it". The problem is that in the perfectoid world there is no infinitesimals and thus no Jacobian criterion that would allow us to define what is a smooth morphism. The good notion in this setting is the one of a cohomologically smooth morphism, a morphism that satisfies relative Poincaré duality. I will explain a Jacobian criterion of cohomological smoothness for moduli spaces of sections of smooth algebraic varieties over the curve that allows us to solve our problems.
(joint work with Peter Scholze) In our joint work with Scholze we need to give a meaning to statements like "the stack of principal G-bundles on the curve is smooth of dimension 0" and construct "smooth perfectoid charts on it". The problem is that in the perfectoid world there is no infinitesimals and thus no Jacobian criterion that would allow us to define what is a smooth morphism. The good notion in this setting is the one of a coho...

11F85 ; 11S31 ; 11R39 ; 14G22 ; 14H40

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The general principally polarized abelian variety of dimension at most five is known to be a Prym variety. This reduces the study of abelian varieties of small dimension to the beautifully concrete theory of algebraic curves. I will discuss recent breakthrough on finding a structure theorem for principally polarized abelian varieties of dimension six as Prym-Tyurin varieties associated to covers with $E_6$-monodromy, and the implications this uniformization result has on the geometry of the moduli space $A_6$. This is joint work with Alexeev, Donagi, Izadi and Ortega.
The general principally polarized abelian variety of dimension at most five is known to be a Prym variety. This reduces the study of abelian varieties of small dimension to the beautifully concrete theory of algebraic curves. I will discuss recent breakthrough on finding a structure theorem for principally polarized abelian varieties of dimension six as Prym-Tyurin varieties associated to covers with $E_6$-monodromy, and the implications this ...

14J40 ; 14H10 ; 14H40

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