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In the recent years, the nature of the generating series of walks in the quarter plane has attracted the attention of many authors in combinatorics and probability. The main questions are: are they algebraic, holonomic (solutions of linear differential equations) or at least hyperalgebraic (solutions of algebraic differential equations)? In this talk, we will show how the nature of the generating function can be approached via the study of a discrete functional equation over a curve E, of genus zero or one. In the first case, the functional equation corresponds to a so called q-difference equation and all the related generating series are differentially transcendental. For the genus one case, the dynamic of the functional equation corresponds to the addition by a given point P of the elliptic curve E. In that situation, one can relate the nature of the generating series to the fact that the point P is of torsion or not.
In the recent years, the nature of the generating series of walks in the quarter plane has attracted the attention of many authors in combinatorics and probability. The main questions are: are they algebraic, holonomic (solutions of linear differential equations) or at least hyperalgebraic (solutions of algebraic differential equations)? In this talk, we will show how the nature of the generating function can be approached via the study of a ...

05A15 ; 30D05 ; 39A13 ; 12F10 ; 12H10 ; 12H05

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Ecalle’s resurgent functions appear naturally as Borel transforms of divergent series like Stirling series, formal solutions of differential equations like Euler series, or formal series associated with many other problems in Analysis and dynamical systems. Resurgence means a certain property of analytic continuation in the Borel plane, whose stability under con- volution (the Borel counterpart of multiplication of formal series) is not obvious. Following the analytic continuation of the convolution of several resurgent functions is indeed a delicate question, but this must be done in an explicit quan- titative way so as to make possible nonlinear resurgent calculus (e.g. to check that resurgent functions are stable under composition or under substitution into a convergent series). This can be done by representing the analytic continuation of the convolution product as the integral of a holomorphic n-form on a singular n-simplex obtained as a suitable explicit deformation of the standard n-simplex. The theory of currents is convenient to deal with such integrals of holomorphic forms, because it allows to content oneself with little regularity: the deformations we use are only Lipschitz continuous, because they are built from the flow of non-autonomous Lipschitz vector fields.
Ecalle’s resurgent functions appear naturally as Borel transforms of divergent series like Stirling series, formal solutions of differential equations like Euler series, or formal series associated with many other problems in Analysis and dynamical systems. Resurgence means a certain property of analytic continuation in the Borel plane, whose stability under con- volution (the Borel counterpart of multiplication of formal series) is not obvious. ...

30D05 ; 37FXX

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