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Documents  35Q30 | enregistrements trouvés : 15

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​I will discuss recent developments concerning the non-uniqueness of distributional solutions to the Navier-Stokes equation.

35Q30 ; 76D05 ; 35Q35

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The purpose of the talk will be the proof of the following result for the homogeneous incompressible Navier-Stokes system in dimension three: given an initial data $v_0$ with vorticity $\Omega_0= \nabla \times v_0$ in $L^{\tfrac{3}{2}}$ (which implies that $v_0$ belongs to the Sobolev space $H^{\tfrac{1}{2}}$ ), we prove that the solution $v$ given by the classical Fujita-Kato theorem blows up in a finite time $T^*$ only if, for any $p$ in ]4,6[ and any unit vector $e$ in $\mathbb{R}^3$ ; there holds
$\int_{0}^{T^*}\left \| v(t)\cdot e\right \|^p_{\frac{1}{2}+\frac{2}{p}}dt=\infty $.
We remark that all these quantities are scaling invariant under the scaling transformation of Navier-Stokes system.
The purpose of the talk will be the proof of the following result for the homogeneous incompressible Navier-Stokes system in dimension three: given an initial data $v_0$ with vorticity $\Omega_0= \nabla \times v_0$ in $L^{\tfrac{3}{2}}$ (which implies that $v_0$ belongs to the Sobolev space $H^{\tfrac{1}{2}}$ ), we prove that the solution $v$ given by the classical Fujita-Kato theorem blows up in a finite time $T^*$ only if, for any $p$ in ]4,6[ ...

35Q30

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Reduced MHD models in Tokamak geometry are convenient simplifications of full MHD and are fundamental for the numerical simulation of MHD stability in Tokamaks. This presentation will address the mathematical well-posedness and the justification of the such models.
The first result is a systematic design of hierachies of well-posed reduced MHD models. Here well-posed means that the system is endowed with a physically sound energy identity and that existence of a weak solution can be proved. Some of these models will be detailed.
The second result is perhaps more important for applications. It provides understanding on the fact the the growth rate of linear instabilities of the initial (non reduced) model is lower bounded by the growth rate of linear instabilities of the reduced model.
This work has been done with Rémy Sart.
Reduced MHD models in Tokamak geometry are convenient simplifications of full MHD and are fundamental for the numerical simulation of MHD stability in Tokamaks. This presentation will address the mathematical well-posedness and the justification of the such models.
The first result is a systematic design of hierachies of well-posed reduced MHD models. Here well-posed means that the system is endowed with a physically sound energy ...

76W05 ; 35L65 ; 65M60 ; 35Q30

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It is known that in 3D exterior domains Ω with the compact smooth boundary $\partial \Omega$, two spaces $X^{r}_{har}\left ( \Omega \right )$ and $V^{r}_{har}\left ( \Omega \right )$ of $L^{r}$-harmonic vector fields $h$ with $h\cdot v\mid _{\partial \Omega }= 0$ and $h\times v\mid _{\partial \Omega }= 0$ are both of finite dimensions, where $v$ denotes the unit outward normal to $\partial \Omega$. We prove that for every $L^{r}$-vector field $u$, there exist $h\in X^{r}_{har}\left ( \Omega \right )$, $w\in H^{1,r}\left ( \Omega \right )^{3}$ with div $w= 0$ and $p\in H^{1,r}\left ( \Omega \right )$ such that $u$ is uniquely decomposed as $u= h$ + rot $w$ + $\bigtriangledown p$.
On the other hand, if for the given $L^{r}$-vector field $u$ we choose its harmonic part $h$ from $V^{r}_{har}\left ( \Omega \right )$, then we have a similar decomposition to above, while the unique expression of $u$ holds only for $1< r< 3$. Furthermore, the choice of $p$ in $H^{1,r}\left ( \Omega \right )$ is determined in accordance with the threshold $r= 3/2$.
Our result is based on the joint work with Matthias Hieber, Anton Seyferd (TU Darmstadt), Senjo Shimizu (Kyoto Univ.) and Taku Yanagisawa (Nara Women Univ.).
It is known that in 3D exterior domains Ω with the compact smooth boundary $\partial \Omega$, two spaces $X^{r}_{har}\left ( \Omega \right )$ and $V^{r}_{har}\left ( \Omega \right )$ of $L^{r}$-harmonic vector fields $h$ with $h\cdot v\mid _{\partial \Omega }= 0$ and $h\times v\mid _{\partial \Omega }= 0$ are both of finite dimensions, where $v$ denotes the unit outward normal to $\partial \Omega$. We prove that for every $L^{r}$-vector field $u...

35B45 ; 35J25 ; 35Q30 ; 58A10 ; 35A25

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Multi angle  Stochastic solutions of 2D fluids​
Flandoli, Franco (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

We revise recent contributions to 2D Euler and Navier-Stokes equations with and without noise, but always in the case of stochastic solutions. The role of white noise initial conditions will be stressed and related to some questions about turbulence.

35Q30 ; 35Q31 ; 60H15 ; 60H40

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In this talk we shall present some results concerning global smooth solutions to the three-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations set in the whole space $(\mathbb{R}^3)$ :
$\partial_tu+u\cdot \nabla u-\Delta u = -\nabla p$, div $u=0$
We shall more particularly be interested in the geometry of the set $\mathcal{G}$ of initial data giving rise to a global smooth solution.
The question we shall address is the following: given an initial data $u_0$ in $\mathcal{G}$ and a sequence of divergence free vector fields converging towards $u_0$ in the sense of distributions, is the sequence itself in $\mathcal{G}$ ? The related question of strong stability was studied in [1] and [2] some years ago; the weak stability result is a recent work, joint with H. Bahouri and J.-Y. Chemin (see [3]-[4]). As we shall explain, it is necessary to restrict the study to sequences converging weakly up to rescaling (under the natural rescaling of the equation). Then weak stability can be proved, using profile decompositions in the spirit of P. Gerard's work [5], in an anisotropic context.
In this talk we shall present some results concerning global smooth solutions to the three-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations set in the whole space $(\mathbb{R}^3)$ :
$\partial_tu+u\cdot \nabla u-\Delta u = -\nabla p$, div $u=0$
We shall more particularly be interested in the geometry of the set $\mathcal{G}$ of initial data giving rise to a global smooth solution.
The question we shall address is the following: given an initial data $u_0$ in ...

35Q30 ; 76E09

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We discuss some stability problems related to the Navier-Stokes-Fourier system describing the motion of a compressible, viscous, and heat conducting fluids. We introduce the concept of relative entropy/energy and present some applications that concern:
- Existence and conditional regularity of weak solutions;
- singular limits;
- existence and regularity for the inviscid system.

76N10 ; 35Q30

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Given initial data $(b_0, u_0)$ close enough to the equilibrium state $(e_3, 0)$, we prove that the 3-D incompressible MHD system without magnetic diffusion has a unique global solution $(b, u)$. Moreover, we prove that $(b(t) - e_3, u(t))$ decay to zero with rates in both $L^\infty$ and $L^2$ norm. (This is a joint work with Wen Deng).

35Q30 ; 76D03

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Consider the motion of a viscous incompressible fluid in a 3D exterior domain $D$ when a rigid body $\mathbb R^3\setminus D$ moves with prescribed time-dependent translational and angular velocities. For the linearized non-autonomous system, $L^q$-$L^r$ smoothing action near $t=s$ as well as generation of the evolution operator $\{T(t,s)\}_{t\geq s\geq 0}$ was shown by Hansel and Rhandi [1] under reasonable conditions. In this presentation we develop the $L^q$-$L^r$ decay estimates of the evolution operator $T(t,s)$ as $(t-s)\to\infty$ and then apply them to the Navier-Stokes initial value problem.
Consider the motion of a viscous incompressible fluid in a 3D exterior domain $D$ when a rigid body $\mathbb R^3\setminus D$ moves with prescribed time-dependent translational and angular velocities. For the linearized non-autonomous system, $L^q$-$L^r$ smoothing action near $t=s$ as well as generation of the evolution operator $\{T(t,s)\}_{t\geq s\geq 0}$ was shown by Hansel and Rhandi [1] under reasonable conditions. In this presentation we ...

35Q30 ; 76D05 ; 76D07

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The inhomogeneous incompressible Navier-Stokes equations that govern the evolution of viscous incompressible flows with non-constant density have received a lot of attention lately. In this talk, we shall mainly focus on the singular situation where the density is discontinuous, which is in particular relevant for describing the evolution of a mixture of two incompressible and non reacting fluids with constant density, or of a drop of liquid in vacuum. We shall highlight the places where tools in harmonic analysis play a key role, and present a few open problems.
The inhomogeneous incompressible Navier-Stokes equations that govern the evolution of viscous incompressible flows with non-constant density have received a lot of attention lately. In this talk, we shall mainly focus on the singular situation where the density is discontinuous, which is in particular relevant for describing the evolution of a mixture of two incompressible and non reacting fluids with constant density, or of a drop of liquid in ...

35Q30 ; 76D05 ; 35Q35 ; 76D03

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In these lectures, we will focus on the analysis of oceanographic models. These models involve several small parameters: Mach number, Froude number, Rossby number... We will present a hierarchy of models, and explain how they can formally be derived from one another. We will also present different mathematical tools to address the asymptotic analysis of these models (filtering methods, boundary layer techniques).

86A05 ; 34E13 ; 35Q30 ; 35Q86 ; 35Jxx

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In these lectures, we will focus on the analysis of oceanographic models. These models involve several small parameters: Mach number, Froude number, Rossby number... We will present a hierarchy of models, and explain how they can formally be derived from one another. We will also present different mathematical tools to address the asymptotic analysis of these models (filtering methods, boundary layer techniques).

86A05 ; 34E13 ; 35Q30 ; 35Q86 ; 35Jxx

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In these lectures, we will focus on the analysis of oceanographic models. These models involve several small parameters: Mach number, Froude number, Rossby number... We will present a hierarchy of models, and explain how they can formally be derived from one another. We will also present different mathematical tools to address the asymptotic analysis of these models (filtering methods, boundary layer techniques).

86A05 ; 34E13 ; 35Q30 ; 35Q86 ; 35Jxx

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In this talk, I will present the global solvability of the primitive equations for the atmosphere coupled to moisture dynamics with phase changes for warm clouds, where water is present in the form of water vapor and in the liquid state as cloud water and rain water. This moisture model, which has been used by Klein-Majda in [1] and corresponds to a basic form of the bulk microphysics closure in the spirit of Kessler [2] and Grabowski-Smolarkiewicz [3], contains closures for the phase changes condensation and evaporation, as well as the processes of autoconversion of cloud water into rainwater and the collection of cloud water by the falling rain droplets. The moisture balances are strongly coupled to the thermodynamic equation via the latent heat associated to the phase changes. The global well-posedness was proved by combining the technique used in Hittmeir-Klein-Li-Titi [4], where global well-posedness was established for the pure moisture system for given velocity, and the ideas of Cao-Titi [5], who succeeded in proving the global solvability of the primitive equations without coupling to the moisture.
In this talk, I will present the global solvability of the primitive equations for the atmosphere coupled to moisture dynamics with phase changes for warm clouds, where water is present in the form of water vapor and in the liquid state as cloud water and rain water. This moisture model, which has been used by Klein-Majda in [1] and corresponds to a basic form of the bulk microphysics closure in the spirit of Kessler [2] and Grabowski-S...

35A01 ; 35B45 ; 35D35 ; 35M86 ; 35Q30 ; 35Q35 ; 35Q86 ; 76D03 ; 76D09

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One of the main characteristics of infinite-dimensional dissipative evolution equations, such as the Navier-Stokes equations and reaction-diffusion systems, is that their long-time dynamics is determined by finitely many parameters - finite number of determining modes, nodes, volume elements and other determining interpolants. In this talk I will show how to explore this finite-dimensional feature of the long-time behavior of infinite-dimensional dissipative systems to design finite-dimensional feedback control for stabilizing their solutions. Notably, it is observed that this very same approach can be implemented for designing data assimilation algorithms of weather prediction based on discrete measurements. In addition, I will also show that the long-time dynamics of the Navier-Stokes equations can be imbedded in an infinite-dimensional dynamical system that is induced by an ordinary differential equations, named determining form, which is governed by a globally Lipschitz vector field. Remarkably, as a result of this machinery I will eventually show that the global dynamics of the Navier-Stokes equations is being determining by only one parameter that is governed by an ODE. The Navier-Stokes equations are used as an illustrative example, and all the above mentioned results equally hold to other dissipative evolution PDEs, in particular to various dissipative reaction-diffusion systems and geophysical models.
One of the main characteristics of infinite-dimensional dissipative evolution equations, such as the Navier-Stokes equations and reaction-diffusion systems, is that their long-time dynamics is determined by finitely many parameters - finite number of determining modes, nodes, volume elements and other determining interpolants. In this talk I will show how to explore this finite-dimensional feature of the long-time behavior of infinite-d...

35Q30 ; 35Q86

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