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Documents  57M07 | enregistrements trouvés : 12

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(joint work with Michael Handel) $Out(F_{n}) := Aut(F_{n})/Inn(F_{n})$ denotes the outer automorphism group of the rank n free group $F_{n}$. An element $f$ of $Out(F_{n})$ is polynomially growing if the word lengths of conjugacy classes in Fn grow at most polynomially under iteration by $f$. The existence in $Out(F_{n}), n > 2$, of elements with non-linear polynomial growth is a feature of $Out(F_{n})$ not shared by mapping class groups of surfaces.
To avoid some finite order behavior, we restrict attention to the subset $UPG(F_{n})$ of $Out(F_{n})$ consisting of polynomially growing elements whose action on $H_{1}(F_{n}, Z)$ is unipotent. In particular, if $f$ is polynomially growing and acts trivially on $H_{1}(F_{n}, Z_{3})$ then $f $ is in $UPG(F_{n})$ and further every polynomially growing element of $Out(F_{n})$ has a power that is in $UPG(F_{n})$. The goal of the talk is to describe an algorithm to decide given $f,g$ in $UPG(F_{n})$ whether or not there is h in $Out(F_{n})$ such that $hf h^{-1} = g$.
The conjugacy problem for linearly growing elements of $UPG(F_{n})$ was solved by Cohen-Lustig. Krstic-Lustig-Vogtmann solved the case of linearly growing elements of $Out(F_{n})$.
A key technique is our use of train track representatives for elements of $Out(F_{n})$, a method pioneered by Bestvina-Handel in the early 1990s that has since been ubiquitous in the study of $Out(F_{n})$.
(joint work with Michael Handel) $Out(F_{n}) := Aut(F_{n})/Inn(F_{n})$ denotes the outer automorphism group of the rank n free group $F_{n}$. An element $f$ of $Out(F_{n})$ is polynomially growing if the word lengths of conjugacy classes in Fn grow at most polynomially under iteration by $f$. The existence in $Out(F_{n}), n > 2$, of elements with non-linear polynomial growth is a feature of $Out(F_{n})$ not shared by mapping class groups of ...

20F65 ; 57M07

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Let $G$ be a torsion-free hyperbolic group, let $S$ be a finite generating set of $G$, and let $f$ be an automorphism of $G$. We want to understand the possible growth types for the word length of $f^n(g)$, where $g$ is an element of $G$. Growth was completely described by Thurston when $G$ is the fundamental group of a hyperbolic surface, and can be understood from Bestvina-Handel's work on train-tracks when $G$ is a free group. We address the general case of a torsion-free hyperbolic group $G$; we show that every element in $G$ has a well-defined exponential growth rate under iteration of $f$, and that only finitely many exponential growth rates arise as $g$ varies in $G$. In addition, we show the following dichotomy: every element of $G$ grows either exponentially fast or polynomially fast under iteration of $f$.
This is a joint work with Rémi Coulon, Arnaud Hilion and Gilbert Levitt.
Let $G$ be a torsion-free hyperbolic group, let $S$ be a finite generating set of $G$, and let $f$ be an automorphism of $G$. We want to understand the possible growth types for the word length of $f^n(g)$, where $g$ is an element of $G$. Growth was completely described by Thurston when $G$ is the fundamental group of a hyperbolic surface, and can be understood from Bestvina-Handel's work on train-tracks when $G$ is a free group. We address the ...

57M07 ; 20E06 ; 20F34 ; 20F65 ; 20E36 ; 20F67

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Let $G$ be a hyperbolic group. Its boundary is a topological invariant within the quasi-isometry class of $G$ but it is far from being a complete invariant, e.g. a random group at density ¡1/2 is hyperbolic (Gromov) and its boundary is homeomorphic to the Menger curve (Dahmani-Guirardel-Przytycki) but Mackay proved that there are infinitely many quasi-isometry classes of random groups at density d for small enough d.
We discuss the conformal dimension of a hyperbolic group, a quasi-isometry invariant introduced by Pansu. Paulin proved that this is a complete $QI$ invariant of the group. We discuss a technique of Pansu and Bourdon for bounding the conformal dimension from below. We then relate this technique to the family of hyperbolic free by cyclic groups. This is work in progress towards the ultimate goal of showing that there are infinitely many $QI$ classes of free by cyclic groups.
This is joint work with Bestvina, Hilion and Stark
Let $G$ be a hyperbolic group. Its boundary is a topological invariant within the quasi-isometry class of $G$ but it is far from being a complete invariant, e.g. a random group at density ¡1/2 is hyperbolic (Gromov) and its boundary is homeomorphic to the Menger curve (Dahmani-Guirardel-Przytycki) but Mackay proved that there are infinitely many quasi-isometry classes of random groups at density d for small enough d.
We discuss the conformal ...

20F65 ; 57M07

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We are interested in the structure of the set of homomorphisms from a fixed (but arbitrary) finitely generated group G to the groups in some fixed family (such as the family of 3-manifold groups). I will explain what one might hope to say in different situations, and explain some applications to relatively hyperbolic groups and acylindrically hyperbolic groups, and some hoped-for applications to 3-manifold groups.
This is joint work with Michael Hull and joint work in preparation with Michael Hull and Hao Liang.
We are interested in the structure of the set of homomorphisms from a fixed (but arbitrary) finitely generated group G to the groups in some fixed family (such as the family of 3-manifold groups). I will explain what one might hope to say in different situations, and explain some applications to relatively hyperbolic groups and acylindrically hyperbolic groups, and some hoped-for applications to 3-manifold groups.
This is joint work with Michael ...

57N10 ; 20F65 ; 20F67 ; 20E08 ; 57M07

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The Farrell-Jones conjecture for a given group is an important conjecture in manifold theory. I will review some of its consequences and will discuss a class of groups for which it is known, for example 3-manifold groups. Finally, I will discuss a proof that free-by-cyclic groups satisfy FJC, answering a question of Lück.
This is joint work with Koji Fujiwara and Derrick Wigglesworth.

57M20 ; 20F65 ; 57M07 ; 18F25

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Multi angle  Groups with Bowditch boundary a 2-sphere
Tshishiku, Bena (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

Bestvina-Mess showed that the duality properties of a group $G$ are encoded in any boundary that gives a Z-compactification of $G$. For example, a hyperbolic group with Gromov boundary an $n$-sphere is a PD$(n+1)$ group. For relatively hyperbolic pairs $(G,P)$, the natural boundary - the Bowditch boundary - does not give a Z-compactification of G. Nevertheless we show that if the Bowditch boundary of $(G,P)$ is a 2-sphere, then $(G,P)$ is a PD(3) pair.
This is joint work with Genevieve Walsh.
Bestvina-Mess showed that the duality properties of a group $G$ are encoded in any boundary that gives a Z-compactification of $G$. For example, a hyperbolic group with Gromov boundary an $n$-sphere is a PD$(n+1)$ group. For relatively hyperbolic pairs $(G,P)$, the natural boundary - the Bowditch boundary - does not give a Z-compactification of G. Nevertheless we show that if the Bowditch boundary of $(G,P)$ is a 2-sphere, then $(G,P)$ is a ...

57M07 ; 20F67 ; 20F65 ; 57M50

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braid groups - conformal blocks - KZ equation - quantum group symmetry - hypergeometric integrals - Gauss-Manin connection

20F36 ; 32G34 ; 32S40 ; 57M07

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A well-known result of Davis-Januszkiewicz is that every right-angled Artin group (RAAG) is commensurable to some rightangled Coxeter group (RACG). In this talk we consider the converse question: which RACGs are commensurable to some RAAG? To do so, we investigate some natural candidate RAAG subgroups of RACGs and characterize when such subgroups are indeed RAAGs. As an application, we show that a 2-dimensional, one-ended RACG with planar defining graph is quasiisometric to a RAAG if and only if it is commensurable to a RAAG. This talk is based on work joint with Pallavi Dani.
A well-known result of Davis-Januszkiewicz is that every right-angled Artin group (RAAG) is commensurable to some rightangled Coxeter group (RACG). In this talk we consider the converse question: which RACGs are commensurable to some RAAG? To do so, we investigate some natural candidate RAAG subgroups of RACGs and characterize when such subgroups are indeed RAAGs. As an application, we show that a 2-dimensional, one-ended RACG with planar ...

20F65 ; 57M07 ; 20F55

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One of the main examples of Artin groups are braid groups. We can use powerful topological methods on braid groups that come from the action of braid on the curve complex of the n-puctured disk. However, these methods cannot be applied in general to Artin groups. In this talk we explain how we can construct a complex for Artin groups, which is an analogue to the curve complex in the braid case, by using parabolic subgroups.

20F36 ; 20F65 ; 57M07

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If a group G acts isometrically on a metric space X and Y is any metric space that is quasi-isometric to X, then G quasi-acts on Y. A fundamental problem in geometric group theory is to straighten (or quasi-conjugate) a quasi-action to an isometric action on a nice space. We will introduce and investigate discretisable spaces, those for which every cobounded quasi-action can be quasi-conjugated to an isometric action of a locally finite graph. Work of Mosher-Sageev-Whyte shows that free groups have this property, but it holds much more generally. For instance, we show that every hyperbolic group is either commensurable to a cocompact lattice in rank one Lie group, or it is discretisable.
We give several applications and indicate possible future directions of this ongoing work, particularly in showing that normal and almost normal subgroups are often preserved by quasi-isometries. For instance, we show that any finitely generated group quasi-isometric to a Z-by-hyperbolic group is Z-by-hyperbolic. We also show that within the class of residually finite groups, the class of central extensions of finitely generated abelian groups by hyperbolic groups is closed under quasi-isometries.
If a group G acts isometrically on a metric space X and Y is any metric space that is quasi-isometric to X, then G quasi-acts on Y. A fundamental problem in geometric group theory is to straighten (or quasi-conjugate) a quasi-action to an isometric action on a nice space. We will introduce and investigate discretisable spaces, those for which every cobounded quasi-action can be quasi-conjugated to an isometric action of a locally finite graph. ...

20F65 ; 20E08 ; 20J05 ; 57M07

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The relationship between the large-scale geometry of a group and its algebraic structure can be studied via three notions: a group's quasi-isometry class, a group's abstract commensurability class, and geometric actions on proper geodesic metric spaces. A common model geometry for groups G and G' is a proper geodesic metric space on which G and G' act geometrically. A group G is action rigid if every group G' that has a common model geometry with G is abstractly commensurable to G. For example, a closed hyperbolic n-manifold is not action rigid for all n at least three. In contrast, we show that free products of closed hyperbolic manifold groups are action rigid. Consequently, we obtain the first examples of Gromov hyperbolic groups that are quasi-isometric but do not virtually have a common model geometry. This is joint work with Daniel Woodhouse.
The relationship between the large-scale geometry of a group and its algebraic structure can be studied via three notions: a group's quasi-isometry class, a group's abstract commensurability class, and geometric actions on proper geodesic metric spaces. A common model geometry for groups G and G' is a proper geodesic metric space on which G and G' act geometrically. A group G is action rigid if every group G' that has a common model geometry ...

20F65 ; 20F67 ; 20E06 ; 57M07 ; 57M10

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The famous Hanna Neumann Conjecture (now the Friedman--Mineyev theorem) gives an upper bound for the ranks of the intersection of arbitrary subgroups H and K of a non-abelian free group. It is an interesting question to 'quantify' this bound with respect to the rank of the join of H and K, the subgroup generated by H and K. In this talk I describe what is known about the set of realizable values (rank of join, rank of intersection) for arbitrary H, K, and about my recent results in this direction. In particular, we resolve the remaining open case (m=4) of Guzman’s `Group-Theoretic Conjecture’ in the affirmative. This has some interesting corollaries for the geometry of hyperbolic 3-manifolds. Our methods rely on recasting the topological pushout of core graphs in terms of the Dicks graphs introduced in the context of his Amalgamated Graph Conjecture. This allows to translate the question of existence of a pair of subgroups H,K with prescribed ranks of joins and intersections into graph theoretic language, and completely resolve it in some cases. In particular, we completely describe the locus of realizable values of ranks in the case when the rank of one of the subgroups H,K equals two.
The famous Hanna Neumann Conjecture (now the Friedman--Mineyev theorem) gives an upper bound for the ranks of the intersection of arbitrary subgroups H and K of a non-abelian free group. It is an interesting question to 'quantify' this bound with respect to the rank of the join of H and K, the subgroup generated by H and K. In this talk I describe what is known about the set of realizable values (rank of join, rank of intersection) for arbitrary ...

20E05 ; 20E07 ; 20F65 ; 57M07

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