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Documents  58J50 | enregistrements trouvés : 13

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In this talk we will discuss a new geodesic beam approach to understanding eigenfunction concentration. We characterize the features that cause an eigenfunction to saturate the standard supremum bounds in terms of the distribution of $L^{2}$ mass along geodesic tubes emanating from a point. We also show that the phenomena behind extreme supremum norm growth is identical to that underlying extreme growth of eigenfunctions when averaged along submanifolds. Using the description of concentration, we obtain quantitative improvements on the known bounds in a wide variety of settings.
In this talk we will discuss a new geodesic beam approach to understanding eigenfunction concentration. We characterize the features that cause an eigenfunction to saturate the standard supremum bounds in terms of the distribution of $L^{2}$ mass along geodesic tubes emanating from a point. We also show that the phenomena behind extreme supremum norm growth is identical to that underlying extreme growth of eigenfunctions when averaged along ...

35P20 ; 58J50 ; 53C22 ; 53C40 ; 53C21

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For any symmetric space $X$ of noncompact type, its quotients by torsion-free discrete isometry groups $\Gamma$ are locally symmetric spaces. One problem is to understand the geometry and analysis, especially the spectral theory, and interaction between them of such spaces. Two classes of infinite groups $\Gamma$ have been extensively studied:
$(1) \Gamma$ is a lattice, and hence $\Gamma$ $\backslash$ $X$ has finite volume.
$(2) X$ is of rank $1$, for example, when $X$ is the real hyperbolic space, $\Gamma$ is geometrically finite and $\Gamma$ $\backslash$ $X$ has infinite volume.
When $\Gamma$ is a nonuniform lattice in case $(1)$ or any group in case $(2)$, compactification of $\Gamma$ $\backslash$ $X$ and its boundary play an important role in the geometric scattering theory of $\Gamma$ $\backslash$ $X$. When $X$ is of rank at least $2$, quotients of $X$ of finite volume have also been extensively studied. There has been a lot of recent interest and work to understand quotients $\Gamma$ $\backslash$ $X$ of infinite volume. For example, there are some generalizations of convex cocompact groups, but no generalizations yet of geometrically finite groups. They are related to the notion of thin groups. One naturally expects that these locally symmetric spaces should have real analytic compactifications with corners (with codimension equal to the rank), and their boundary should also be used to parametrize the continuous spectrum and to understand the geometrically scattering theory. These compactifications also provide a natural class of manifolds with corners. In this talk, I will describe some questions, open problems and results.
For any symmetric space $X$ of noncompact type, its quotients by torsion-free discrete isometry groups $\Gamma$ are locally symmetric spaces. One problem is to understand the geometry and analysis, especially the spectral theory, and interaction between them of such spaces. Two classes of infinite groups $\Gamma$ have been extensively studied:
$(1) \Gamma$ is a lattice, and hence $\Gamma$ $\backslash$ $X$ has finite volume.
$(2) X$ is of rank ...

53C35 ; 58J50

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Hyperbolic (Anosov or Axiom A) flows have discrete Ruelle spectrum. For contact Anosov flows, e.g. geodesic flows, where a smooth contact one form is preserved, the trapped set is a smooth symplectic manifold, normally hyperbolic, and M. Tsujii, S. Nonnenmacher and M. Zworski, have given an estimate for the asymptotic spectral gap, i.e. that appears in the limit of high frequencies in the flow direction. We will propose a different approach that may improve this estimate. This will be presented on a simple toy model, partially expanding maps. Work with Tobias Weich.
Hyperbolic (Anosov or Axiom A) flows have discrete Ruelle spectrum. For contact Anosov flows, e.g. geodesic flows, where a smooth contact one form is preserved, the trapped set is a smooth symplectic manifold, normally hyperbolic, and M. Tsujii, S. Nonnenmacher and M. Zworski, have given an estimate for the asymptotic spectral gap, i.e. that appears in the limit of high frequencies in the flow direction. We will propose a different approach that ...

37C30 ; 37D20 ; 58J50

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Multi angle  Resonance chains on Schottky surfaces
Weich, Tobias (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

Recently David Borthwick discovered through numerical calculations surprising chain structures in the resonance spectrum of certain Schottky surfaces. In this talk we will see that theses resonance chains have the same origin as the resonance chains in the classical and quantum mechanical spectrum of the three disk system and we will see that they are related to a clustering in the length spectrum. Finally the existence of these chains will be proven for three funneled Schottky surfaces in a certain geometrical limit in the Teichmüller space. Joint work with S. Barkhofen and F. Faure.
Recently David Borthwick discovered through numerical calculations surprising chain structures in the resonance spectrum of certain Schottky surfaces. In this talk we will see that theses resonance chains have the same origin as the resonance chains in the classical and quantum mechanical spectrum of the three disk system and we will see that they are related to a clustering in the length spectrum. Finally the existence of these chains will be ...

35P25 ; 58J50 ; 81Q05

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Eisenstein series are the natural analog of ”plane waves” for hyperbolic manifolds of infinite volume. These non-$L^2$ eigenfunctions of the Laplacian parametrize the continuous spectrum. In this talk we will discuss the structure of nodal sets and domains for surfaces. Upper and lower bounds on the number of intersections of nodal lines with ”generic” real analytic curves will be given, together with similar bounds on the number of nodal domains inside the convex core. The results are based on equidistribution theorems for restriction of Eisenstein series to curves that bear some similarity with the so-called ”QER” results for compact manifolds.
Eisenstein series are the natural analog of ”plane waves” for hyperbolic manifolds of infinite volume. These non-$L^2$ eigenfunctions of the Laplacian parametrize the continuous spectrum. In this talk we will discuss the structure of nodal sets and domains for surfaces. Upper and lower bounds on the number of intersections of nodal lines with ”generic” real analytic curves will be given, together with similar bounds on the number of nodal ...

58J50 ; 58J51 ; 35J05

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In joint work with Luc Hillairet, we show that the Laplacian associated with the generic finite area triangle in hyperbolic plane with one vertex of angle zero has no positive Neumann eigenvalues. This is the first evidence for the Phillips-Sarnak philosophy that does not depend on a multiplicity hypothesis. The proof is based an a method that we call asymptotic separation of variables.

58J50 ; 35P05 ; 11F72

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Reidemeister torsion was the first topological invariant that could distinguish between spaces which were homotopy equivalent but not homeomorphic. The Cheeger-Müller theorem established that the Reidemeister torsion of a closed manifold can be computed analytically. I will report on joint work with Frédéric Rochon and David Sher on finding a topological expression for the analytic torsion of a manifold with fibered cusp ends. Examples of these manifolds include most locally symmetric spaces of rank one. We establish our theorem by controlling the behavior of analytic torsion as a space degenerates to form hyperbolic cusp ends.
Reidemeister torsion was the first topological invariant that could distinguish between spaces which were homotopy equivalent but not homeomorphic. The Cheeger-Müller theorem established that the Reidemeister torsion of a closed manifold can be computed analytically. I will report on joint work with Frédéric Rochon and David Sher on finding a topological expression for the analytic torsion of a manifold with fibered cusp ends. Examples of these ...

58J52 ; 58J05 ; 58J50 ; 58J35 ; 55N25 ; 55N33

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Hermitian complex spaces are a large class of singular spaces that include for instance projective varieties endowed with the metric induced by the Fubini-Study metric. Many of the problems raised by Cheeger, Goresky and MacPherson in the case of complex projective varieties admit a natural extension also in this setting. The aim of this talk is to report about some recent results concerning the Hodge-Kodaira Laplacian acting on the canonical bundle of a compact Hermitian complex space. More precisely let $(X,h)$ be a compact and irreducible Hermitian complex space of complex dimension $m$. Consider the Dolbeault operator $\bar{\partial}_{m,0}$ : $L^2 \Omega^{m,0}(reg(X),h) \to L^2\Omega^{m,1}(reg(X),h)$ with domain $\Omega{_c^{m,0}}(reg(X))$ and let $\bar{\mathfrak{d}}_{m,0} : L^2 \Omega^{m,0}(reg(X),h)\to L^2\Omega^{m,1}(reg(X),h)$ be any of its closed extension. Now consider the associated Hodge-Kodaira Laplacian $\bar{\mathfrak{d}^*} \circ\bar{\mathfrak{d}}_{m,0}$ : $L^2 \Omega^{m,0}(reg(X),h)\to L^2\Omega^{m,0}(reg(X),h)$. We will show that the latter operator is discrete and we will provide an estimate for the growth of its eigenvalues. Finally we will prove some discreteness results for the Hodge-Dolbeault operator in the setting of both isolated singularities and complex projective surfaces (without assumptions on the singularities in the latter case).
Hermitian complex spaces are a large class of singular spaces that include for instance projective varieties endowed with the metric induced by the Fubini-Study metric. Many of the problems raised by Cheeger, Goresky and MacPherson in the case of complex projective varieties admit a natural extension also in this setting. The aim of this talk is to report about some recent results concerning the Hodge-Kodaira Laplacian acting on the canonical ...

58J50 ; 53C55

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After a brief introduction to the spectral theory of hyperbolic surfaces, we will focus on the problem of understanding the asymptotic distribution of resonances for hyperbolic surfaces. The theory of open quantum chaotic systems has inspired several interesting conjectures about this distribution. We will highlight the recent theoretical progress towards these conjectures, and present some of the latest numerical evidence.

58J50 ; 11F72 ; 11M36

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Multi angle  Cancellations in random nodal sets
Peccati, Giovanni (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

I will discuss second order results for the length of nodal sets and the number of phase singularities associated with Gaussian random Laplace eigenfunctions, both on compact manifolds (the flat torus) and on subset of the plane. I will mainly focus on 'cancellation phenomena' for nodal variances in the high-frequency limit, with specific emphasis on central and non-central second order results.

Based on joint works with F. Dalmao, D. Marinucci, I. Nourdin, M. Rossi and I. Wigman.
I will discuss second order results for the length of nodal sets and the number of phase singularities associated with Gaussian random Laplace eigenfunctions, both on compact manifolds (the flat torus) and on subset of the plane. I will mainly focus on 'cancellation phenomena' for nodal variances in the high-frequency limit, with specific emphasis on central and non-central second order results.

Based on joint works with F. Dalmao, D. ...

60G60 ; 60D05 ; 60B10 ; 58J50 ; 35P20 ; 60F05

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Given a quantum Hamiltonian, I will explain how the dynamical properties of the underlying classical Hamiltonian affect the behaviour of quantum eigenstates in the semiclassical limit. I will mostly focus on two opposite dynamical paradigms: completely integrable systems and chaotic ones. I will introduce tools from microlocal analysis and show how to use them in order to illustrate the classical-quantum correspondance and to compare properties of completely integrable and chaotic systems.
Given a quantum Hamiltonian, I will explain how the dynamical properties of the underlying classical Hamiltonian affect the behaviour of quantum eigenstates in the semiclassical limit. I will mostly focus on two opposite dynamical paradigms: completely integrable systems and chaotic ones. I will introduce tools from microlocal analysis and show how to use them in order to illustrate the classical-quantum correspondance and to compare properties ...

81Q50 ; 37N20 ; 35P20 ; 58J51 ; 58J50 ; 37D40

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Given a quantum Hamiltonian, I will explain how the dynamical properties of the underlying classical Hamiltonian affect the behaviour of quantum eigenstates in the semiclassical limit. I will mostly focus on two opposite dynamical paradigms: completely integrable systems and chaotic ones. I will introduce tools from microlocal analysis and show how to use them in order to illustrate the classical-quantum correspondance and to compare properties of completely integrable and chaotic systems.
Given a quantum Hamiltonian, I will explain how the dynamical properties of the underlying classical Hamiltonian affect the behaviour of quantum eigenstates in the semiclassical limit. I will mostly focus on two opposite dynamical paradigms: completely integrable systems and chaotic ones. I will introduce tools from microlocal analysis and show how to use them in order to illustrate the classical-quantum correspondance and to compare properties ...

81Q50 ; 37N20 ; 35P20 ; 58J51 ; 58J50 ; 37D40

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