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Documents  62M05 | enregistrements trouvés : 5

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Data mining methods based on finite mixture models are quite common in many areas of applied science, such as marketing, to segment data and to identify subgroups with specific features. Recent work shows that these methods are also useful in micro econometrics to analyze the behavior of workers in labor markets. Since these data are typically available as time series with discrete states, clustering kernels based on Markov chains with group-specific transition matrices are applied to capture both persistence in the individual time series as well as cross-sectional unobserved heterogeneity. Markov chains clustering has been applied to data from the Austrian labor market, (a) to understanding the effect of labor market entry conditions on long-run career developments for male workers (Frühwirth-Schnatter et al., 2012), (b) to study mothers’ long-run career patterns after first birth (Frühwirth-Schnatter et al., 2016), and (c) to study the effects of a plant closure on future career developments for male worker (Frühwirth-Schnatter et al., 2018). To capture non- stationary effects for the later study, time-inhomogeneous Markov chains based on time-varying group specific transition matrices are introduced as clustering kernels. For all applications, a mixture-of-experts formulation helps to understand which workers are likely to belong to a particular group. Finally, it will be shown that Markov chain clustering is also useful in a business application in marketing and helps to identify loyal consumers within a customer relationship management (CRM) program.
Data mining methods based on finite mixture models are quite common in many areas of applied science, such as marketing, to segment data and to identify subgroups with specific features. Recent work shows that these methods are also useful in micro econometrics to analyze the behavior of workers in labor markets. Since these data are typically available as time series with discrete states, clustering kernels based on Markov chains with ...

62C10 ; 62M05 ; 62M10 ; 62H30 ; 62P20 ; 62F15

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Low-dimensional compartment models for biological systems can be fitted to time series data using Monte Carlo particle filter methods. As dimension increases, for example when analyzing a collection of spatially coupled populations, particle filter methods rapidly degenerate. We show that many independent Monte Carlo calculations, each of which does not attempt to solve the filtering problem, can be combined to give a global filtering solution with favorable theoretical scaling properties under a weak coupling condition. The independent Monte Carlo calculations are called islands, and the operation carried out on each island is called adapted simulation, so the complete algorithm is called an adapted simulation island filter. We demonstrate this methodology and some related algorithms on a model for measles transmission within and between cities.
Low-dimensional compartment models for biological systems can be fitted to time series data using Monte Carlo particle filter methods. As dimension increases, for example when analyzing a collection of spatially coupled populations, particle filter methods rapidly degenerate. We show that many independent Monte Carlo calculations, each of which does not attempt to solve the filtering problem, can be combined to give a global filtering solution ...

60G35 ; 60J20 ; 62M02 ; 62M05 ; 62M20 ; 62P10 ; 65C35

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Multi angle  An introduction to particle filters
Chopin, Nicolas (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

This course will give a gentle introduction to SMC (Sequential Monte Carlo algorithms):
• motivation: state-space (hidden Markov) models, sequential analysis of such models; non-sequential problems that may be tackled using SMC.
• Formalism: Markov kernels, Feynman-Kac distributions.
• Monte Carlo tricks: importance sampling and resampling
• standard particle filters: bootstrap, guided, auxiliary
• maximum likelihood estimation of state-stace models
• Bayesian estimation of these models: PMCMC, SMC$^2$.
This course will give a gentle introduction to SMC (Sequential Monte Carlo algorithms):
• motivation: state-space (hidden Markov) models, sequential analysis of such models; non-sequential problems that may be tackled using SMC.
• Formalism: Markov kernels, Feynman-Kac distributions.
• Monte Carlo tricks: importance sampling and resampling
• standard particle filters: bootstrap, guided, auxiliary
• maximum likelihood estimation of state-stace ...

62F15 ; 62D05 ; 65C05 ; 60J22 ; 62M05 ; 62M20

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Virtualconference  Structure learning for CTBN's
Miasojedow, Błażej (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

The continuous time Bayesian networks (CTBNs) represent a class of stochastic processes, which can be used to model complex phenomena, for instance, they can describe interactions occurring in living processes, in social science models or in medicine. The literature on this topic is usually focused on the case, when the dependence structure of a system is known and we are to determine conditional transition intensities (parameters of the network). In the paper, we study the structure learning problem, which is a more challenging task and the existing research on this topic is limited. The approach, which we propose, is based on a penalized likelihood method. We prove that our algorithm, under mild regularity conditions, recognizes the dependence structure of the graph with high probability. We also investigate the properties of the procedure in numerical studies to demonstrate its effectiveness .
The continuous time Bayesian networks (CTBNs) represent a class of stochastic processes, which can be used to model complex phenomena, for instance, they can describe interactions occurring in living processes, in social science models or in medicine. The literature on this topic is usually focused on the case, when the dependence structure of a system is known and we are to determine conditional transition intensities (parameters of the ...

62M05 ; 62F30 ; 60J27

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