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The momentum transport in a fusion device such as a tokamak has been in a scope of the interest during last decade. Indeed, it is tightly related to the plasma rotation and therefore its stabilization, which in its turn is essential for the confinement improvement. The intrinsic rotation, i.e. the part of the rotation occurring without any external torque is one of the possible sources of plasma stabilization.

The modern gyrokinetic theory [3] is an ubiquitous theoretical framework for lowfrequency fusion plasma description. In this work we are using the field theory formulation of the modern gyrokinetics [1]. The main attention is focussed on derivation of the momentum conservation law via the Noether method, which allows to connect symmetries of the system with conserved quantities by means of the infinitesimal space-time translations and rotations.

Such an approach allows to consistently keep the gyrokinetic dynamical reduction effects into account and therefore leads towards a complete momentum transport equation.

Elucidating the role of the gyrokinetic polarization is one of the main results of this work. We show that the terms resulting from each step of the dynamical reduction (guiding-center and gyrocenter) should be consistently taken into account in order to establish physical meaning of the transported quantity. The present work [2] generalizes previous result obtained in [4] by taking into the account purely geometrical contributions into the radial polarization.

The momentum transport in a fusion device such as a tokamak has been in a scope of the interest during last decade. Indeed, it is tightly related to the plasma rotation and therefore its stabilization, which in its turn is essential for the confinement improvement. The intrinsic rotation, i.e. the part of the rotation occurring without any external torque is one of the possible sources of plasma stabilization.

The modern gyrokinetic theory [3] ...

82D10 ; 82C40 ; 35L65 ; 35Q83 ; 70S10

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Reduced MHD models in Tokamak geometry are convenient simplifications of full MHD and are fundamental for the numerical simulation of MHD stability in Tokamaks. This presentation will address the mathematical well-posedness and the justification of the such models.

The first result is a systematic design of hierachies of well-posed reduced MHD models. Here well-posed means that the system is endowed with a physically sound energy identity and that existence of a weak solution can be proved. Some of these models will be detailed.

The second result is perhaps more important for applications. It provides understanding on the fact the the growth rate of linear instabilities of the initial (non reduced) model is lower bounded by the growth rate of linear instabilities of the reduced model.

This work has been done with Rémy Sart.

Reduced MHD models in Tokamak geometry are convenient simplifications of full MHD and are fundamental for the numerical simulation of MHD stability in Tokamaks. This presentation will address the mathematical well-posedness and the justification of the such models.

The first result is a systematic design of hierachies of well-posed reduced MHD models. Here well-posed means that the system is endowed with a physically sound energy ...

76W05 ; 35L65 ; 65M60 ; 35Q30

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This minicourse aims at providing tentative explanations of some specific phenomena observed in the motion of crowds, or more generally collections of living entities. The first lecture shall focus on the so-called Stop and Go Waves, which sometimes spontaneously emerge and persist in crowds in motion. We shall present a general class of dynamical systems which are likely to exhibit this type of instabilities, and emphasize the critical role of two basic ingredients: the asymmetry of interactions, and any sort of delay in the transmission of information through the network of entities. The second lecture will address the Capacity Drop Phenomenon (decrease of the flux though a bottleneck when the upstream density becomes too high), and the more paradoxical Faster is Slower Effect (in some regimes, attempts to go quicker may slow down the overall process). We shall in particular detail how an accurate description of the relative position of entities (at the microscopic level) is crucial to recover and understand those effects.

This minicourse aims at providing tentative explanations of some specific phenomena observed in the motion of crowds, or more generally collections of living entities. The first lecture shall focus on the so-called Stop and Go Waves, which sometimes spontaneously emerge and persist in crowds in motion. We shall present a general class of dynamical systems which are likely to exhibit this type of instabilities, and emphasize the critical role of ...

70E50 ; 70E55 ; 34D20 ; 35L65 ; 90B20

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We present a Godunov type numerical scheme for a class of scalar conservation laws with nonlocal flux arising for example in traffic flow modeling. The scheme delivers more accurate solutions than the widely used Lax-Friedrichs type scheme and also allows to show well-posedness of the model. In a second step, we consider the extension of the non-local traffic flow model to road networks by defining appropriate conditions at junctions. Based on the proposed numerical scheme we show some properties of the approximate solution and provide several numerical examples.

We present a Godunov type numerical scheme for a class of scalar conservation laws with nonlocal flux arising for example in traffic flow modeling. The scheme delivers more accurate solutions than the widely used Lax-Friedrichs type scheme and also allows to show well-posedness of the model. In a second step, we consider the extension of the non-local traffic flow model to road networks by defining appropriate conditions at junctions. Based on ...

35L65 ; 65M12 ; 90B20

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The talk summarize the empirical state of knowledge on bottleneck flow and introduces an approach to describe crowd disasters. The approach combines quantities well known in natural sciences with concepts of social psychology. It allows to describe crowds at bottlenecks in case of exceptional (life-threatening) or normal circumstances.

On the basis of empirical data, the influence of the spatial structure of the boundaries (width and length of the bottleneck) and the motivation of pedestrians on flow and density will be presented. The phenomenon of clogging and its effects on the flow will be discussed in connection with congestion, rewards, motivation and pushing. Positive effects of pillars in front of bottlenecks are critically questioned by recent experiments. Results of two experiments including questionnaire studies connect flow and density with factors of social psychology like rewards, social norms, expectations or fairness.

The talk summarize the empirical state of knowledge on bottleneck flow and introduces an approach to describe crowd disasters. The approach combines quantities well known in natural sciences with concepts of social psychology. It allows to describe crowds at bottlenecks in case of exceptional (life-threatening) or normal circumstances.

On the basis of empirical data, the influence of the spatial structure of the boundaries (width and length of ...

91D10 ; 35L65 ; 90B20

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We are concerned with the well-posedness of a model of granular flow that consists of a hyperbolic system of two balance laws in one-space dimension, which is linearly degenerate along two straight lines in the phase plane and genuinely nonlinear in the subdomains confined by such lines. After introducing the problem, I discuss recent results on the Lipschitz L1-continuous dependence of the entropy weak solutions on the initial data, with a Lipschitz constant that grows exponentially in time. Our analysis relies on the extension of a Lyapunov like functional and provides the first construction of a Lipschitz semigroup of entropy weak solutions to the regime of hyperbolic systems of balance laws (i) with characteristic families that are neither genuinely nonlinear nor linearly degenerate and (ii) initial data of arbitrarily large total variation.

We are concerned with the well-posedness of a model of granular flow that consists of a hyperbolic system of two balance laws in one-space dimension, which is linearly degenerate along two straight lines in the phase plane and genuinely nonlinear in the subdomains confined by such lines. After introducing the problem, I discuss recent results on the Lipschitz L1-continuous dependence of the entropy weak solutions on the initial data, with a ...

35L65 ; 35L45