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Documents  35Q53 | enregistrements trouvés : 11

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We discuss some examples of the "good" effects of "very bad", "irregular" functions. In particular we will look at non-linear differential (partial or ordinary) equations perturbed by noise. By defining a suitable notion of "irregular" noise we are able to show, in a quantitative way, that the more the noise is irregular the more the properties of the equation are better. Some examples includes: ODE perturbed by additive noise, linear stochastic transport equations and non-linear modulated dispersive PDEs. It is possible to show that the sample paths of Brownian motion or fractional Brownian motion and related processes have almost surely this kind of irregularity. (joint work with R. Catellier and K. Chouk)
We discuss some examples of the "good" effects of "very bad", "irregular" functions. In particular we will look at non-linear differential (partial or ordinary) equations perturbed by noise. By defining a suitable notion of "irregular" noise we are able to show, in a quantitative way, that the more the noise is irregular the more the properties of the equation are better. Some examples includes: ODE perturbed by additive noise, linear ...

35R60 ; 35Q53 ; 35D30 ; 60H15

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In spite of enormous success of the theory of integrable systems, at least three important problems are not resolved yet or are resolved only partly. They are the following:
1. The IST in the case of arbitrary bounded initial data.
2. The statistical description of the systems integrable by the IST. Albeit, the development of the theory of integrable turbulence.
3. Integrability of the deep water equations.
These three problems will be discussed in the talk.
In spite of enormous success of the theory of integrable systems, at least three important problems are not resolved yet or are resolved only partly. They are the following:
1. The IST in the case of arbitrary bounded initial data.
2. The statistical description of the systems integrable by the IST. Albeit, the development of the theory of integrable turbulence.
3. Integrability of the deep water equations.
These three problems will be discussed ...

37K10 ; 35C07 ; 35C08 ; 35Q53 ; 35Q55 ; 76B15 ; 76Fxx

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We start by presenting some results on the stabilization, rapid or in finite time, of control systems modeled by means of ordinary differential equations. We study the interest and the limitation of the damping method for the stabilization of control systems. We then describe methods to transform a given linear control system into new ones for which the rapid stabilization is easy to get. As an application of these methods we show how to get rapid stabilization for Korteweg-de Vries equations and how to stabilize in finite time $1-D$ parabolic linear equations by means of periodic time-varying feedback laws.
We start by presenting some results on the stabilization, rapid or in finite time, of control systems modeled by means of ordinary differential equations. We study the interest and the limitation of the damping method for the stabilization of control systems. We then describe methods to transform a given linear control system into new ones for which the rapid stabilization is easy to get. As an application of these methods we show how to get ...

35B35 ; 35Q53 ; 93C10 ; 93C20 ; 35K05 ; 93B05 ; 93B17 ; 93B52

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Multi angle  Solitons vs collapses
Kuznetsov, Evgenii (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

This talk is devoted to solitons and wave collapses which can be considered as two alternative scenarios pertaining to the evolution of nonlinear wave systems describing by a certain class of dispersive PDEs (see, for instance, review [1]). For the former case, it suffices that the Hamiltonian be bounded from below (or above), and then the soliton realizing its minimum (or maximum) is Lyapunov stable. The extremum is approached via the radiation of small-amplitude waves, a process absent in systems with finitely many degrees of freedom. The framework of the nonlinear Schrodinger equation, the ZK equation and the three-wave system is used to show how the boundedness of the Hamiltonian H, and hence the stability of the soliton minimizing H can be proved rigorously using the integral estimate method based on the Sobolev embedding theorems. Wave systems with the Hamiltonians unbounded from below must evolve to a collapse, which can be considered as the fall of a particle in an unbounded potential. The radiation of small-amplitude waves promotes collapse in this case.
This work was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (project no. 14-22-00174).
This talk is devoted to solitons and wave collapses which can be considered as two alternative scenarios pertaining to the evolution of nonlinear wave systems describing by a certain class of dispersive PDEs (see, for instance, review [1]). For the former case, it suffices that the Hamiltonian be bounded from below (or above), and then the soliton realizing its minimum (or maximum) is Lyapunov stable. The extremum is approached via the radiation ...

35Q53 ; 35Q55 ; 37K10 ; 37N10 ; 76B15

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Multi angle  Geometric heat flows and caloric gauges
Tataru, Daniel (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

Choosing favourable gauges is a crucial step in the study of nonlinear geometric dispersive equations. A very successful tool, that has emerged originally in work of Tao on wave maps, is the use of caloric gauges, defined via the corresponding geometric heat flows. The aim of this talk is to describe two such flows and their associated gauges, namely the harmonic heat flow and the Yang-Mills heat flow.

70S15 ; 35Q53 ; 35Q55

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The Euler-Korteweg system corresponds to compressible, inviscid fluids with capillary forces. It can be used to model diffuse interfaces. Mathematically it reads as the Euler equations with a third order dispersive perturbation corresponding to the capillary tensor.

In dimension one there exists traveling waves with equal or different limit at infinity, respectively solitons and kinks. Their stability is ruled by a simple criterion a la Grillakis-Shatah-Strauss. This talk is devoted to the construction of multiple traveling waves, namely global solutions that converge as $t\rightarrow \infty $ to a profile made of several (stable) traveling waves. The waves constructed have both solitons and kinks. Multiple traveling waves play a peculiar role in the dynamics of dispersive equations, as they correspond to solutions that follow in some sense a purely nonlinear evolution.
The Euler-Korteweg system corresponds to compressible, inviscid fluids with capillary forces. It can be used to model diffuse interfaces. Mathematically it reads as the Euler equations with a third order dispersive perturbation corresponding to the capillary tensor.

In dimension one there exists traveling waves with equal or different limit at infinity, respectively solitons and kinks. Their stability is ruled by a simple criterion a la ...

35Q35 ; 35C07 ; 35Q53 ; 35Q31 ; 35B35

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The mechanism responsible for blow-up is well-understood for many hyperbolic conservation laws. Indeed, for a whole class of problems including the Burgers equation and many aggregation-diffusion equations such as the 1D parabolic-elliptic Keller-Segel system, the time and nature of the blow-up can be estimated by ODE arguments. It is, however, a much more delicate question to understand the small-scale behaviour of the viscous layers appearing in (classic or fractional) parabolic regularisations of these conservation laws.
Here we give sharp estimates for Sobolev norms and for a class of small-scale quantities such as increments and energy spectrum (which are relevant for the theory of turbulence), for solutions of these conservation laws. Moreover, many of our results can be generalised for perturbations of the viscous conservation laws by random additive noise, and some of them admit a simpler formulation in this case. To our best knowledge, these are the only sharp results of this type for small-scale behaviour of solutions of nonlinear PDEs.
The work on the aggregation-diffusion equations is an ongoing collaboration with Piotr Biler and Grzegorz Karch (Wroclaw) and Philippe Laurençot (Toulouse).
The mechanism responsible for blow-up is well-understood for many hyperbolic conservation laws. Indeed, for a whole class of problems including the Burgers equation and many aggregation-diffusion equations such as the 1D parabolic-elliptic Keller-Segel system, the time and nature of the blow-up can be estimated by ODE arguments. It is, however, a much more delicate question to understand the small-scale behaviour of the viscous layers ...

35Q53 ; 35R60 ; 37L40 ; 60H15

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I will report on joint work with Ifrim and Tataru on the asymptotics of small localized solutions to the Korteweg-de Vries equation up to a quartic time scale. Tools are conserved energies, energy estimates and Klainerman Sobolev inequalities. The difficulty of the problem comes from various resonances.

35Q53 ; 37K40

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Multi angle  Spectra of ultra-discrete limits
Zuk, Andrzej (Auteur de la Conférence) | CIRM (Editeur )

We present a computation of spectra of random walks on self-similar graphs.

37A30 ; 05C25 ; 35Q53 ; 20M35

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